大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (6): 2007047.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202007047

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

与材料相关的综合实验设计:粉煤灰的改性及在橡胶中的应用

韩会景()   

  • 收稿日期:2020-07-14 录用日期:2020-09-30 发布日期:2020-11-16
  • 通讯作者: 韩会景 E-mail:hjhan@chem.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:韩会景, Email: hjhan@chem.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(21704025);华东师范大学实验教学课程建设项目

Design of a Comprehensive Experiment for Materials: Surface Modified Fly Ash and Its Application in Rubber

Huijing Han()   

  • Received:2020-07-14 Accepted:2020-09-30 Published:2020-11-16
  • Contact: Huijing Han E-mail:hjhan@chem.ecnu.edu.cn

摘要:

综合实验不仅可以使学生更好地掌握实验技能,还可以让学生了解化学研究的基本过程,培养学生独立的科研能力,更好地激发学生进行科学研究的兴趣,因而越来越受到高校教育工作者的重视。本文设计了一个综合实验教学方案:通过对粉煤灰进行表面改性,使改性后的粉煤灰替代轻钙、炭黑作橡胶填料,实验数据表明,表面改性后的粉煤灰对橡胶具有较好的补强作用。同时用改性粉煤灰作橡胶填料可降低工业成本,具有重大的经济效益和社会效益。

关键词: 综合实验, 粉煤灰, 表面改性, 橡胶填料

Abstract:

Comprehensive experiments can improve not only the students' experimental skills, but also their understanding of the basic process of chemical research. Furthermore, comprehensive experiments can cultivate students' independent scientific research ability, which is paid more and more attention by college educators. In this paper, a comprehensive experiment is designed:the surface modification of fly ash is carried out and the modified fly ash is replaced with light calcium and carbon black as rubber filler. The experimental data show that the surface-modified fly ash has a better reinforcement effect on rubber. At the same time, using modified fly ash as rubber filler can reduce industrial cost and have great economic and social benefits.

Key words: Comprehensive experiment, Fly ash, Surface modification, Rubber filler

MSC2000: 

  • G64