大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (7): 2103003.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202103003

所属专题: 教学理念和方法改革

  上一篇    

创新教学方法,助力本科生科研创新能力培养——“扶-牵-引-放”四步教学法

姚奇志1,2,*(), 金谷1, 朱平平1, 李玲玲1,2, 李娇1,2, 刘红瑜1,2   

  1. 1 中国科学技术大学化学与材料科学学院, 合肥 230026
    2 化学国家级实验教学示范中心(中国科学技术大学), 合肥 230026
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-01 录用日期:2021-03-08 发布日期:2021-04-02
  • 通讯作者: 姚奇志 E-mail:qzyao@ustc.educ.cn
  • 作者简介:姚奇志,Email: qzyao@ustc.educ.cn
  • 基金资助:
    安徽省高等学校省级质量工程重点项目(2018jyxm1021);中国科学技术大学研究生教育创新计划教学改革研究项目(2020ycjg04);中国科学技术大学本科质量工程项目(2020xjyxm066);中国科学技术大学本科质量工程项目(2020xy1kc011)

Innovating Teaching Pedagogy to Help the Cultivation of Undergraduates' Scientific Research Ability: "Supporting-Pulling-Leading-Releasing" Based Four-Step Pedagogies

Qizhi Yao1,2,*(), Gu Jin1, Pingping Zhu1, Lingling Li1,2, Jiao Li1,2, Hongyu Liu1,2   

  1. 1 School of Chemistry and Materials Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
    2 National Demonstration Center for Experimental Chemistry Education (University of Science and Technology of China), Hefei 230026, China
  • Received:2021-03-01 Accepted:2021-03-08 Published:2021-04-02
  • Contact: Qizhi Yao E-mail:qzyao@ustc.educ.cn

摘要:

人才培养是高校最主要的职责。本科阶段是科研创新型人才培养的关键时期,而实验教学是提高本科生科研创新能力、培养应用型人才的重要环节。本文系统介绍了在“基础型-综合型-探究型-设计型”多层次、递进式分析化学实验教学过程中,如何运用“扶-牵-引-放”四步教学法,循序渐进地培养学生发现、分析问题和解决问题的综合实验能力,进而培养学生求异思维和创新能力,实现了知识和技能传授与科研创新素质培养并重的教学目的。

关键词: 教学方法, 实验教学, 本科生, 科研能力, 创新意识

Abstract:

Talent training is the main responsibility of colleges and universities. Teaching and education accepted at the undergraduate stage is crucial to the cultivation of innovative talents. Experimental teaching is one of the important links to improve the innovative ability of undergraduates in scientific research and to cultivate practical personnel. This paper systematically introduces how to apply the four-step teaching pedagogy based on "supporting-pulling-leading-releasing" to the multi-level analytical chemistry experiment course teaching so as to train students' comprehensive experimental skills at discovering, analyzing and solving problems step by step, and thus cultivating students' innovative perception and ability. The final goal of teaching knowledge and skills as well as training innovative research quality is achieved.

Key words: Teaching pedagogy, Experimental teaching, Undergraduate, Scientific research ability, Innovation perception

MSC2000: 

  • G64