大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (2): 2109020.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202109020

所属专题: 化学实验教学和管理

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

淀粉接枝聚丙烯酰胺阳离子絮凝剂的合成及应用——推荐一个高分子化学综合实验

赵光辉(), 彭晓璊, 惠新平()   

  • 收稿日期:2021-09-06 录用日期:2021-10-20 发布日期:2021-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 赵光辉,惠新平 E-mail:zhaogh@lzu.edu.cn;huixp@lzu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:惠新平, Email: huixp@lzu.edu.cn
    赵光辉, Email: zhaogh@lzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    兰州大学教育教学改革研究重点项目(2020019)

Synthesis and Application of Starch Grafted Polyacrylamide Cationic Flocculant: A Comprehensive Experiment of Polymer Chemistry

Guanghui Zhao(), Xiaomen Peng, Xinping Hui()   

  • Received:2021-09-06 Accepted:2021-10-20 Published:2021-11-25
  • Contact: Guanghui Zhao,Xinping Hui E-mail:zhaogh@lzu.edu.cn;huixp@lzu.edu.cn

摘要:

介绍一个综合化学实验。实验通过淀粉与丙烯酰胺的接枝聚合反应和阳离子化改性,合成了一种新型淀粉接枝聚丙烯酰胺阳离子高分子絮凝剂,进行了结构表征,以人工模拟染料废水和重金属离子废水为实验对象,探究了合成的聚丙烯酰胺、淀粉接枝聚丙烯酰胺和淀粉接枝聚丙烯酰胺阳离子絮凝剂在废水净化中的应用。本实验理论与实践相结合,有助于激发学生的学习兴趣,培养学生的学科交叉融合思维和分析解决问题的能力。

关键词: 淀粉, 聚丙烯酰胺, 絮凝剂, 综合实验, 废水

Abstract:

A comprehensive chemical experiment is introduced. A new cationic polymer flocculant of starch grafted polyacrylamide was synthesized by graft polymerization and cationic modification. The structure was characterized and the application of polyacrylamide, starch grafted polyacrylamide and starch grafted polyacrylamide cationic flocculants in wastewater purification was investigated. This comprehensive experiment combines theory with practice, which helps to stimulate students' interest in learning, cultivate students' interdisciplinary thinking and the comprehensive ability to analyze and solve practical problems.

Key words: Starch, Polyacrylamide, Flocculant, Comprehensive experiment, Waste water

MSC2000: 

  • G64