大学化学 >> 2015, Vol. 30 >> Issue (2): 15-21.doi: 10.3866/pku.DXHX20150215

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

借鉴美国主流高校EHS体系建设我国的实验室安全文化

黎莹, 胡谷平, 蔡涛, 薛玮, 陈六平   

  1. 中山大学化学与化学工程学院 广东广州 510275
  • 发布日期:2015-04-25
  • 基金资助:

    中山大学实验教学研究(改革)项目(No.YJ201316)

Construction of Laboratory Safety Culture in China in View of the Environment, Health and Safety Management System in US Universities

Li Ying, Hu Guping, Cai Tao, Xue Wei, Chen Liuping   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 512075, China
  • Published:2015-04-25

摘要:

以美国化学类专业排名前30的高等院校的环境安全与健康管理体系(Environment,Health & Safety,简写为EHS)为研究对象,进行了信息的收集、分析与整合,从中总结出美国高校EHS管理体系的6个特点;进一步介绍了美国高校EHS管理体系架构的确立与运作.结合目前我国高校实验室安全管理存在的主要问题,提出了建设、发展和丰富我国高校的实验室安全文化是当前最基础性的建设任务之一,以期引起高校管理部门对安全问题的真正重视并落实到行动中.

关键词: EHS管理体系, 美国高校, 实验室管理, 实验室安全, 安全文化

Abstract:

In this paper, the Environment, Health & Safety, abbreviated as EHS, of the U.S. top thirty universities in chemistry was taken as an object of study, we carried out collection, analysis and integration of information, from which the six characteristics of EHS management systems of U.S. universities were summarized. The establishment and operation of U.S. university’s EHS were further introduced. With combination of main problems about laboratory safety management of universities in China, we put forward to construct, develop and enrich the laboratory safety culture in Chinese Universities, which is one of the most fundamental construction tasks, in order to cause great attention of college management department and into action.

Key words: EHS management system, U.S. colleges and universities, laboratory management, laboratory safety, safety culture

MSC2000: 

  • O6