大学化学 >> 2018, Vol. 33 >> Issue (1): 29-34.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201707004

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

以培养问题解决能力为核心的PMPR实验教学方法

陈书鸿,张丽莹,蒋德敏,李廷真*(),潘杰,饶通德   

  • 收稿日期:2017-07-05 发布日期:2018-01-13
  • 通讯作者: 李廷真 E-mail:litingzhen@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    重庆市高等教育教学改革研究项目(133014);重庆三峡学院教改项目(JG150707);重庆三峡学院教改项目(SD150114)

A Study on the PMPR Laboratory Teaching Method for the Cultivation of Students' Problem-Solving Abilities

Shuhong CHEN,Liying ZHANG,Demin JIANG,Tingzhen LI*(),Jie PAN,Tongde RAO   

  • Received:2017-07-05 Published:2018-01-13
  • Contact: Tingzhen LI E-mail:litingzhen@163.com
  • Supported by:
    重庆市高等教育教学改革研究项目(133014);重庆三峡学院教改项目(JG150707);重庆三峡学院教改项目(SD150114)

摘要:

基于“发现、分析、解决问题”的思维模式,本文提出了以培养学生问题解决能力为核心的“问题→方法→过程→结果”(PMPR)实验教学方法。该方法以“问题”为出发点,引导学生进行问题分析,寻找解决问题的方法,实施解决问题的过程,最终得到解决问题的结果。PMPR实验教学方法的实施激发了学生的学习兴趣,拓宽了学生的知识面,实现了对学生发现、分析、解决问题能力的培养。

关键词: 问题解决能力, 问题, 方法, 过程, 结果, 实验教学法

Abstract:

With the aim of enhancing student' problem-solving abilities, a PMPR (problem, method, process and result) laboratory teaching method was put forward in this article. The PMPR laboratory teaching method includes four parts including problem-analysis inducing, problem-solving method seeking, problem solving and result obtaining. In the process of laboratory teaching with the PMPR method, the students' interest in learning has been stimulated. At the same time, the scope of students' knowledge has also been broadened. The students' abilities of problem-discovery, problem-analysis and problem-solving have been cultivated ultimately in the process of laboratory teaching with the PMPR method.

Key words: Problem-solving ability, Problem, Method, Process, Result, Laboratory teaching method

MSC2000: 

  • G642