大学化学 >> 2018, Vol. 33 >> Issue (10): 13-17.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201805045

所属专题: 大学化学实验课程体系改革

教育专题 上一篇    下一篇

有机化学实验教学中学生科学探究能力的培养

李厚金*(),陈六平   

  • 收稿日期:2018-05-29 发布日期:2018-11-01
  • 通讯作者: 李厚金 E-mail:ceslhj@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    广东省高等教育教学改革项目;中山大学教学改革研究项目

Cultivation of Students' Scientific Inquiry Ability in Organic Chemistry Laboratory Teaching

Houjin LI*(),Liuping CHEN   

  • Received:2018-05-29 Published:2018-11-01
  • Contact: Houjin LI E-mail:ceslhj@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    广东省高等教育教学改革项目;中山大学教学改革研究项目

摘要:

科学探究能力是本科学生应具备的重要能力之一。近年来,我们在有机化学实验教学中,对实验教学内容和教学方法进行了改革实践,如介绍科研前沿动态、对实验异常现象进行探究、组织实验研讨、结合所学相关实验开展课外研究性实验等,大大激发了学生的学习兴趣,使学生的思维能力、观察能力、分析问题和解决问题的能力得到全面发展,有效地促进了有机化学实验课教学质量的提高,支撑了高素质化学创新人才培养目标的实现。

关键词: 有机化学实验, 科学探究能力, 教学方法, 教学质量

Abstract:

The ability of scientific inquiry is one of the important abilities of undergraduate students. We have been thinking and exploring to cultivate students' scientific research ability in the course of laboratory teaching. In recent years, we had carried out persistently reform and practice to the laboratory teaching content and the teaching method in organic chemistry, for example, introduction to the frontier of scientific research, exploring the abnormal phenomena of the experiment, organization of experiment discussion, and carrying out the extracurricular research experiments. The above measures can greatly stimulate the students' interest in learning. Their abilities to think, observe, analyze and solve problems were fully developed. The students' ability of scientific inquiry had been cultivated in multiple aspects. The above measures have effectively promoted the improvement of teaching quality of organic chemistry laboratory course, and also supported the training objectives of high-quality innovative talents in chemistry.

Key words: Organic chemistry laboratory, Scientific inquiry ability, Teaching method, Teaching quality

MSC2000: 

  • G64