大学化学 >> 2019, Vol. 34 >> Issue (11): 10-20.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201812004

所属专题: 化学育人

教育专题 上一篇    下一篇

从知识到智慧:自然美和科学美的统一——“魅丽印象·化学”通识教育课程设计理念和实践探索

钟鸿英*()   

  • 收稿日期:2018-12-06 录用日期:2018-12-26 发布日期:2019-01-14
  • 通讯作者: 钟鸿英 E-mail:hyzhong@mail.ccnu.edu.cn

From Knowledge to Intelligence: Integrated Beauty of Nature and Science: The Design and Practice of General Educational Course "The Beauty of Chemistry"

Hongying ZHONG*()   

  • Received:2018-12-06 Accepted:2018-12-26 Published:2019-01-14
  • Contact: Hongying ZHONG E-mail:hyzhong@mail.ccnu.edu.cn

摘要:

在现代多元化社会和知识高速更新的大数据时代背景下,作为超越专业技能训练的通识核心课程更加关注人性教育和智慧发展,并赋予学生在毕业后漫长职业生涯中终生受益的高层次思考问题方法。如何将这种教育理念融入课程体系并设计合理的课堂教学模式是当今高等教育面临的重要问题。本文以面向人文社会科学专业本科生的“魅丽印象·化学”课程为例,从课程定位、教学内容、教学方式、课外实践、学习评价等方面,创新教学理念和实施策略,探讨培养学生自主学习能力、驾驭知识能力以及探索新领域能力的有效途径,在美的感受和体验中,通过理解、想象和逻辑思维认识潜藏在自然美中的科学概念、原理和规律,领悟大自然所呈现的和谐、简单、对称和新奇的科学美。

关键词: 自然美, 科学美, 美感教育, 知识, 智慧

Abstract:

In the era of diverse societies and big data, general educational core curriculum that is beyond of the limit of knowledge and skills in specific fields pays close attention to humanistic education and intelligence development. It is aimed to build educational foundations for high-order thinking skills and values that are needed by students in their personal and professional lives after graduation. How to put this educational philosophy into the curriculum and design innovative classroom teaching is one of the most important issues that confront current universities and colleges. In this work, the course "The Beauty of Chemistry" that is open for undergraduates in the fields of humanities and social sciences was used as an example to demonstrate the innovative philosophy and implementation strategies based on course goal, orientation, contents, teaching strategies, extra-curricular activities and learning assessment in order to find effective ways for independent learning, knowledge management and exploration of new areas. Aesthetic experiences refer to the perception of hidden fundamental concepts, principles and rules as well as the understanding of harmonious, simple, symmetrical and original beauty of sciences presented by the nature.

Key words: Beauty of nature, Beauty of science, Aesthetic education, Knowledge, Intelligence

MSC2000: 

  • G64