大学化学 >> 2019, Vol. 34 >> Issue (6): 66-71.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201811025

师生笔谈 上一篇    下一篇

对《有机化合物命名原则2017》中有关“顺序”问题的思考

赵淑杰*(),李明堂,朱鹤,洪波,刘文丛   

  • 收稿日期:2018-11-26 录用日期:2019-01-04 发布日期:2019-01-22
  • 通讯作者: 赵淑杰 E-mail:zhsjlong@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    2018年吉林省高等教育教学改革研究课题;吉林省高等教育学会2017立项资助项目(JGJX2017D38);吉林农业大学教育教学研究2018重点资助课题(2018XJZD15)

Study and Thoughts about the Questions of "Order" for Chinese Nomenclature of Organic Compounds in the 2017 Edition

Shujie ZHAO*(),Mingtang LI,He ZHU,Bo HONG,Wencong LIU   

  • Received:2018-11-26 Accepted:2019-01-04 Published:2019-01-22
  • Contact: Shujie ZHAO E-mail:zhsjlong@163.com
  • Supported by:
    2018年吉林省高等教育教学改革研究课题;吉林省高等教育学会2017立项资助项目(JGJX2017D38);吉林农业大学教育教学研究2018重点资助课题(2018XJZD15)

摘要:

在仔细学习《有机化合物命名原则2017》的基础上,将新规定中与1980版相比的主要变化,从主体基团选择顺序、取代基列出顺序、主体结构编号顺序、取代基及主体基团位次编号插入的位置、立体化学中的“顺序规则”等几个方面进行归纳与总结,以简洁明了的方式为有机化学的学习与教学提供一份参考。

关键词: 有机物命名, 特性基团, 取代基, 最低位次组, 顺序规则

Abstract:

With careful study of the Chinese Nomenclature of Organic Compounds (2017), the major changes in the new regulations compared with the 1980 edition are summarized, including the order of main characteristic groups, the listing order of substituent groups, the numbering order of main structure, the location of substituent group and main group numbering, and the "order rule" in stereochemistry. In order to provide a reference for the study and teaching of Organic Chemistry in a concise and clear way, this paper summarizes the aspects.

Key words: Organic compounds nomenclature, Characteristic group, Substituent group, The lowest order rule, Cahn-Ingold-Prelog sequence rule

MSC2000: 

  • G64