大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (8): 24-27.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201906066

所属专题: 无机化学课程教学

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

元素化学课堂教学的设计:碳的结构与性能及其应用

魏明灯(), 魏巧华   

  • 收稿日期:2019-06-30 录用日期:2019-08-12 发布日期:2019-08-29
  • 通讯作者: 魏明灯 E-mail:wei-mingdeng@fzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    福州大学第10批高等教育教学改革工程项目(50010852);2018年福州大学一流本科教学改革建设项目

Design of Classroom Teaching in Inorganic Chemistry: Structure and Properties of Carbon Element and Its Applications

Mingdeng Wei(), Qiaohua Wei   

  • Received:2019-06-30 Accepted:2019-08-12 Published:2019-08-29
  • Contact: Mingdeng Wei E-mail:wei-mingdeng@fzu.edu.cn

摘要:

以“碳的结构与性能及其应用”为例说明元素化学课堂教学中的方法,引导学生在复习碳元素的结构与性质的基础上,组织学生开展课堂讨论,引导学生对不断涌现的新型碳材料的关注和兴趣。同时,分组讨论碳氧化物的结构与化学性质之间关系及其有效利用,即模拟光合作用实现CO2的光催化还原和基于费托合成实现CO为原料制备燃料,鼓励和推进学生开展碳材料及其应用的本科生科研训练,实现课堂知识与科学研究衔接。

关键词: 元素化学, 课堂教学, 结构, 性能, 应用, 教学改革

Abstract:

Taking "the structure and properties as well as applications for carbon element" as an example, this paper illustrates the concrete methods in the classroom teaching of elementary chemistry. Based on understanding the structure and properties of carbon element for students, the discussion was executed in classroom, and the attention on new carbon materials will be focused. At the same time, the relationships among the structure, chemical performance and applications for carbon oxides have been discussed in detail, especially, CO2 reduction by photocatalytic reaction and synthetic fuels from CO by Fischer–Tropsch reaction have been introduced as examples for utilization of carbon oxides. Finally, the present researches on carbon materials and their applications in our college have been introduced and the students have also been encouraged to execute "Students Research Training Program, SRTP" in the carbon materials related institutes, and the classroom knowledge and scientific research have been linked closely.

Key words: Element chemistry, Classroom teaching, Structure, Performance, Application, Teaching reform

MSC2000: 

  • G64