大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (9): 110-114.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201909032

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

“学案式”基础化学实验报告探讨与实践

杨锦(), 高天天   

  • 收稿日期:2019-09-16 录用日期:2019-10-16 发布日期:2019-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 杨锦 E-mail:yangjin@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    清华大学2017秋本科教学改革项目(53413000819)

Exploration and Practice on Learning-Guidance Mode Lab Report of Fundamental Chemistry

Jin Yang(), Tiantian Gao   

  • Received:2019-09-16 Accepted:2019-10-16 Published:2019-11-20
  • Contact: Jin Yang E-mail:yangjin@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

摘要:

实验报告是实验教学过程中重要组成部分,对学生掌握和巩固实验中涉及的化学知识非常必要。但是目前大学化学基础实验的实验报告存在内容格式单一等问题,不利于实验报告发挥应有的作用。因此我们以经典实验为例编写了具有针对性的“学案式”实验报告,丰富实验报告的格式和内容,使“学案式”实验报告的内容贯穿于整个教学实验的各个环节。经检验,“学案式”实验报告能够帮助学生树立自主学习意识,提高自主学习能力,激发探究精神,同时培养学生的科研思维和解决问题的能力,从而成为提高实验教学效果不可或缺的利器。

关键词: 基础化学实验, 教学改革, 学案式, 实验报告

Abstract:

Lab reports are an integral part of the fundamental chemical laboratory teaching and necessary for students to master the chemical knowledge. However, there are some problems such as simple contents in current teaching and learning of fundamental chemistry laboratories in universities. In this paper, a "learning-guidance mode" lab report based on classical experiments was studied to enrich the format and contents of the lab report. Upon examination, the contents of the "learning-guidance mode" lab report throughout every aspect and whole process of laboratory teaching can help students to establish self-learning consciousness and improve self-learning ability and exploration spirit. Meanwhile, it can also train students to possess capability of scientific thinking and solving problems, thus enhancing the effect of teaching of fundamental chemistry laboratory.

Key words: Fundamental chemical laboratory, Teaching reform, Learning-guidance mode, Lab reports

MSC2000: 

  • G64