大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (9): 148-151.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202001003

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

板蓝根中提取靛蓝应用于扎染的创新实验教学——介绍一个大学化学综合教学实验

李新汉, 李倩, 沈娟, 陈名红, 叶艳青(), 黄超()   

  • 收稿日期:2020-01-02 录用日期:2020-02-06 发布日期:2020-03-05
  • 通讯作者: 叶艳青,黄超 E-mail:yey-qing@163.com;huangchao@ynu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21662046);国家自然科学基金(21202142);云南省大学生创新创业训练计划项目(s201910691049)

The Innovative Laboratory Teaching of Extraction Indigo from Indigo Plants and Application to Tie-dying: An Introduction of a Comprehensive Chemical Experiment

Xinhan Li, Qian Li, Juan Shen, Minghong Chen, Yanqing Ye(), Chao Huang()   

  • Received:2020-01-02 Accepted:2020-02-06 Published:2020-03-05
  • Contact: Yanqing Ye,Chao Huang E-mail:yey-qing@163.com;huangchao@ynu.edu.cn

摘要:

介绍一个应用型大学化学综合教学实验。从板蓝根中提取靛蓝并用于扎染,主要内容包括靛蓝的提取、鉴定和染色。该实验涉及天然产物提取、分析鉴定操作以及天然产物的综合应用,满足高校化学类专业实验教学需求,有利于提高学生的实验技能和创新能力,并激发学生的探索热情。实验寓教于乐,是基础操作结合生产应用的良好展现。

关键词: 板蓝根, 提取, 靛蓝, 扎染, 综合化学实验

Abstract:

A comprehensive chemical teaching experiment was introduced, including extraction, separation, identification and application of Indigo plants. The indigo was extracted from Isatis root and applied to dying. The experiment involves several basic methods of natural product extraction, analytical chemistry procedures and its application. Through the experiment, students' research interest and exploring spirit will be stimulated, and experiment operation skills will be improved. This experiment was expected to be taught through lively activities, and outlined the relation between basic operation and production application.

Key words: Isatis Root, Extraction, Indigo, Tie-dyeing, Comprehensive chemical laboratory

MSC2000: 

  • G64