大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (1): 2003033.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202003033

所属专题: 化学类课程一流建设

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普通化学实验“学生中心”教学模式改革与探索

周德志1, 何名芳1,2, 曹小华1,*(), 徐常龙1, 钟婵娟1, 王萍萍1   

  1. 1 九江学院化学与环境工程学院, 江西 九江 332005
    2 江西财经职业学院, 江西 九江 332000
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-10 录用日期:2020-05-02 发布日期:2020-06-05
  • 通讯作者: 曹小华 E-mail:caojimmy@126.com
  • 作者简介:曹小华, Email: caojimmy@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    江西省教改课题(JXJG-18-17-18);江西省教改课题(JXJG-17-17-3);江西省教改课题(JXJG-16-17-4);江西省教育规划课题(2019YB227);江西省教育规划课题(2017YB218);江西省教育规划课题(JXCGJZD-19-03);九江学院教改课题(XJJGZD-16-01);九江学院教改课题(XJJGYB-16-03);九江学院教改课题(XJJGYB-15-10)

Reform and Exploration of Student-Centered Teaching Mode in General Chemistry Laboratory

Dezhi Zhou1, Mingfang He1,2, Xiaohua Cao1,*(), Changlong Xu1, Chanjuan Zhong1, Pingping Wang1   

  1. 1 College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Jiujiang University, Jiujiang 332005, Jiangxi Province, China
    2 Jiangxi College of Finance and Economics, Jiujiang 332000, Jiangxi Province, China
  • Received:2020-03-10 Accepted:2020-05-02 Published:2020-06-05
  • Contact: Xiaohua Cao E-mail:caojimmy@126.com

摘要:

结合教学实践,介绍了普通化学实验“学生中心”教学模式改革实施方案及意义。从教学过程、教学评价、教学实施效果三方面对“教师中心”教学模式和“学生中心”教学模式进行了全面比较。实践表明:“学生中心”教学模式以“学生为主体,学习为中心”,利用学习通网络学习平台,实施线上、线下混合式教学、启发式教学及合作学习,引导学生自主探究获取知识、培养能力和塑造人格,激发学习兴趣和主动性,有助于构建和谐师生关系、培养学生科学素养和人文素质,促进学生全面发展。

关键词: 学生中心教学模式, 教师中心教学模式, 自主学习, 合作学习, 全面发展

Abstract:

This paper introduces the implement program and significance of the teaching reform of student-centered teaching mode, on the basis of classroom practice in general chemistry laboratory. A complete comparisons between the student-centered teaching mode and teacher-centered teaching mode were carried out in many aspects, such as teaching process, teaching evaluation, teaching implementation effect, etc. The main status of students should be built and all efforts are made focusing the students in student-centered teaching mode. Students can absorb knowledge, improve ability, and cultivate healthy personality by online and offline teaching models, heuristic teaching methods and cooperative learning strategies, which were implemented with the Superstar learning platform. The student-centered teaching mode helps to build a harmonious relationship between teachers and students, cultivate students' scientific literacy and humanistic quality, and promote the all-round development of students.

Key words: Student-centered teaching mode, Teacher-centered teaching mode, Independent learning, Collaborative learning, Overall development

MSC2000: 

  • G643