大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (7): 2011057.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202011057

所属专题: 教学理念和方法改革

  上一篇    下一篇

索授式授课模式在大学化学课程中的教学尝试

郝素娥(), 范瑞清, 姚忠平, 唐冬雁, 杨春晖, 韩喜江()   

  • 收稿日期:2020-11-26 录用日期:2021-02-02 发布日期:2021-03-23
  • 通讯作者: 郝素娥,韩喜江 E-mail:haosue@hit.edu.cn;xijiang.han@yahoo.com.cn
  • 作者简介:Email: xijiang.han@yahoo.com.cn (韩喜江)
    Email: haosue@hit.edu.cn (郝素娥)
  • 基金资助:
    黑龙江省教育科学“十三五”规划重点课题(GBB1318031);黑龙江省教育科学“十三五”规划重点课题(GJB1320076);黑龙江省高等教育教学改革研究项目(SJGY20180127)

Research and Application of Demand-Based Teaching Mode in General Chemistry

Sue Hao(), Ruiqing Fan, Zhongping Yao, Dongyan Tang, Chunhui Yang, Xijiang Han()   

  • Received:2020-11-26 Accepted:2021-02-02 Published:2021-03-23
  • Contact: Sue Hao,Xijiang Han E-mail:haosue@hit.edu.cn;xijiang.han@yahoo.com.cn

摘要:

基于在高等院校进行大学化学课程教学的重要意义和目前的教学现状,提出了包括知识预留、学生预习、提出问题、教师讲授、课堂讨论五个过程的索授式授课模式,并在大学化学课程中进行了教学尝试。应用结果表明索授式授课模式在激发学生学习的主动性、提高学生知识掌握的有效率、培养学生的学习能力等方面起到了关键作用。并根据教学实践效果,从生理学、心理学、哲学、教育学和社会学角度,讨论了索授式授课模式的理论应用意义,希望对我国高校课堂教学有借鉴作用。

关键词: 高等教育, 课堂教学, 教学模式, 索授式授课模式, 大学化学

Abstract:

According to the significance of general chemistry teaching in universities and the present situation, we propose to construct a demand-based teaching mode, which includes five processes of pre-assignment, preview, thinking and questioning, teaching and classroom discussion, and we try to use the demand-based teaching mode in general chemistry teaching. The results show that the demand-based teaching mode has played a positive role in stimulating students' learning initiative, improving their efficiency in mastering knowledge and cultivating their learning ability. According to the effect of teaching practice, the theoretical significance of the demand-based teaching mode is also discussed from the perspectives of physiology, psychology, philosophy, pedagogy and sociology, hoping it can be extended to other university classrooms in our country.

Key words: Higher education, Classroom teaching, Teaching mode, Demand-based teaching, General chemistry

MSC2000: 

  • G64