大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (6): 2102030.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202102030

化学史 上一篇    

原始创新从哪里来:再谈化学中费托合成方法的发现

马腾1, 王亚琴1,2,*()   

  1. 1 沈阳农业大学理学院, 沈阳 110866
    2 沈阳理工大学环境与化学工程学院, 沈阳 110159
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-18 录用日期:2021-03-25 发布日期:2021-04-06
  • 通讯作者: 王亚琴 E-mail:m15802436358@163.com
  • 作者简介:王亚琴, Email: m15802436358@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    沈阳农业大学天柱山学者计划;研究生教育教学改革研究项目(2019-yjs-36);辽宁省教育厅科学研究经费项目(LSNJC201913)

Revisiting Classic Cases of Original Discoveries and Inventions: Fischer-Tropsch Process in Chemistry

Teng Ma1, Yaqin Wang1,2,*()   

  1. 1 Institute of Science, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China
    2 School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang 110159, China
  • Received:2021-02-18 Accepted:2021-03-25 Published:2021-04-06
  • Contact: Yaqin Wang E-mail:m15802436358@163.com

摘要:

论文从化学史中的费托合成着手,探讨原始创新产生、应用的过程与影响因素。费舍尔(Franz Fischer)和托普施(Hans Tropsch)探索煤制油时发现,费托合成的产物虽复杂但不妨碍它作为液体燃料使用的可行性;随后历时12年开发出实用催化剂,开创了煤间接液化的先河,成为工业催化的经典之作。费托合成案例能帮助研究生树立在工作中另辟蹊径、团队协作的创新理念;也会对研究生培养单位的教师和管理人员有所启发。

关键词: 研究生培养, 原始创新, 费托合成, 能源化学, 催化

Abstract:

The paper would revisit the classic story of Fischer-Tropsch process and explore thoroughly the details to get some hints about how an important invention was achieved in the research project. In investigating the conversion of coal into liquid fuels, Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Coal Research, recognized the potential value of a chemical process of converting carbon monoxide and hydrogen gases into complex mixtures of hydrocarbons, which could be used as alternative liquid fuels. Fischer and Tropsch confirmed their judgements and developed the first practical catalyst in the following 12 years for the process, which initiated the development of indirect coal liquefaction in industrial catalysis. The Fischer-Tropsch process could be used as one classic source of achieving original ideas or solutions for graduate students in their professional careers. Furthermore, for the supervisors or faculty members in universities or research institutes, it would provide an arsenal of spurring scientific discoveries or technological inventions in graduate education programs.

Key words: Graduate education program, Original discoveries and inventions, Fischer-Tropsch process, Energy chemistry, Catalysis

MSC2000: 

  • G64