University Chemistry ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (12): 192-200.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201910053

• Survey of Chemistry • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Application of Functionalized Metal-Organic Frameworks in Radioactive Ions Detection

Wei Wei1, Yan Xia1,2,*()   

  1. 1 Tianjin Key Laboratory of Biosensing and Molecular Recognition, State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Research Center for Analytical Science, College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, P. R. China
    2 Central laboratory of Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, P. R. China
  • Received:2019-10-25 Accepted:2019-12-20 Published:2020-01-02
  • Contact: Yan Xia E-mail:nkxiayan@nankai.edu.cn

Abstract:

With the shortage of fossil energy and increasing environmental pollution, nuclear energy has received extensive attention by its virtue of high energy density and low emission of greenhouse gases. However, radioactive nuclear waste remains a serious task for its safe and effective disposal due to their harmful effects on human health and the environment. As a new type of multifunctional nanomaterial, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are synthesized via the self-assembling combination of inorganic metals and organic ligands. Compared with traditional porous materials, MOFs have broad application prospects in the adsorption and detection of radioactive ions. In this paper, we reviewed the functional modification strategies of MOFs and summarized the progress in the applications of functionalized MOFs in removal and fluorescence sensing of contaminated ions in recent years. Besides, the future development trends are also discussed.

Key words: Metal-organic frameworks, Radioactive ions, Functionalization, Fluorescence sensing, Absorption

MSC2000: 

  • G64