University Chemistry ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 2004043.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202004043

• Survey of Chemistry • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Biomass-Based Energy Chemical: Alkyl Levulinates

Wenguang Zhao, Jie Zhu, Jingxin Shi, Xianxiang Liu()   

  • Received:2020-04-10 Accepted:2020-05-12 Published:2020-05-29
  • Contact: Xianxiang Liu


As the emerging renewable energy, biomass energy is the fourth largest energy next to coal, oil and natural gas. Alkyl levulinates are high value-added products obtained from biomass resources, which are an important class of chemical intermediates and new energy chemicals. The application of alkyl levulinates is very broad and has potential commercial value. This article introduces the physicochemical properties and uses of levulinates, together with three synthetic methods and reaction mechanism for preparing alkyl levulinates using biomass resources as raw materials. Finally, the deficiencies of alkyl levulinates production and application is analyzed, and the development trend of the future development and utilization of alkyl levulinates is provided.

Key words: Biomass, Energy chemistry, Alkyl levulinates, Catalytic conversion


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