University Chemistry ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (8): 2009012.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202009012

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Kekule's Structure of Benzene and the Resonance Structures of Benzene

Zhanhui Yang(), Xufan Shen   

  • Received:2020-09-03 Accepted:2020-09-21 Published:2020-10-09
  • Contact: Zhanhui Yang E-mail:zhyang@mail.buct.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    北京化工大学有机化学优秀本科育人团队项目

Abstract:

A variety of domestic and international organic chemistry textbooks hold the standpoint that the two resonance structures of benzene are Kekulé structures. By introducing the research history of benzene structures and the structural characteristics of Kekulé's benzene, we propose that the above standpoint should be reconsidered. We also suggest that the two resonance structures should be named as "Pauling's structure" or "Pauling benzene".

Key words: Organic chemistry, Benzene, Resonance structure, Kekulé's structure, Pauling benzene

MSC2000: 

  • G64