University Chemistry ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (8): 2009012.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202009012

• Between Teacher and Student • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Kekule's Structure of Benzene and the Resonance Structures of Benzene

Zhanhui Yang(), Xufan Shen   

  • Received:2020-09-03 Accepted:2020-09-21 Published:2020-10-09
  • Contact: Zhanhui Yang
  • Supported by:


A variety of domestic and international organic chemistry textbooks hold the standpoint that the two resonance structures of benzene are Kekulé structures. By introducing the research history of benzene structures and the structural characteristics of Kekulé's benzene, we propose that the above standpoint should be reconsidered. We also suggest that the two resonance structures should be named as "Pauling's structure" or "Pauling benzene".

Key words: Organic chemistry, Benzene, Resonance structure, Kekulé's structure, Pauling benzene


  • G64