University Chemistry ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 2103052.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202103052

• Chemistry History • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Brief History of Thermal Techniques in Ancient China

Irene Ai(), Zhirong Liu()   

  • Received:2021-03-22 Accepted:2021-04-07 Published:2021-04-28
  • Contact: Irene Ai,Zhirong Liu;


In the long history of human beings, for every leap and progress, there is a strong hand of destiny behind-heat, which constantly guiding the path of civilization and inspiring the understanding of thermal science and technology. The thermal technologies of ancient China was in the leading position in the world for a long time. The Chinese people's exploration of heat has created great achievements and made essential contributions to the human civilization, which is really worthy of our pride. However, due to the closeness of feudal society and the conservatism of people's way of thinking, the rejection of the impact of foreign science and culture, and the unscientific research methods, China's thermal technology and science began to lag behind the West in modern times, which is a very regrettable thing. This paper briefly reviews the history of Chinese civilization's constant exploration and confrontation with heat in the history.

Key words: Heat, Heating power, Thermal techniques, Thermodynamics, Ancient China


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