University Chemistry ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (1): 54-58.doi: 10.3866/pku.DXHX20160154

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The Additional Pressure and the Stability of Disperse System

Guo-Jie LIU,En-Cheng HEI*()   

  • Published:2016-01-28
  • Contact: En-Cheng HEI E-mail:heiec@ecust.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    华东理工大学网络教育教改项目(WJY2014006);国家精品资源共享课建设项目(YJ0125206)

Abstract:

We discussed the relationship between the additional pressure and the stability of disperse system in detail.It was found that the reduction of additional pressure of disperse phase makes the disperse system become more stable.Taking the micro-emulsion as an illustration, the reduction of additional pressure lowers the collision probability among liquid droplets, and more importantly, it is closely associated with the formation of a strong protective film on the droplets.The disperse system could reach the thermodynamic stability state only when the additional pressure of the droplet tends to become zero, and the emulsion becomes micro-emulsion.The above discussion could also be applied to the solid/liquid disperse systems.

Key words: Additional pressure, Disperse system, Specific surface entropy, Interface internal pressure, Micro-emulsion

MSC2000: 

  • O64