University Chemistry ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (9): 21-34.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201704022

• Survey of Chemistry • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Allotropes of Nonmetallic Elements (Ⅰ):An Overview of Hydrogen and Boron Allotrope

You-Ying DI1,Qi YANG2,Chun-Sheng ZHOU1,Cheng-Fang QIAO1,Xiao-Wei CUI1,Sheng-Li GAO1,2,*()   

  1. 1 College of Chemical Engineering and Modern Materials, Shangluo University, Shangluo 726000, Shaanxi Province, P. R. China
    2 College of Chemistry & Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, P. R. China
  • Published:2017-09-12
  • Contact: Sheng-Li GAO E-mail:gaoshli@nwu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    国家精品课程:无机化学和分析化学(教高函(2007)20号);国家级教学团队《无机化学和分析化学基础课教学团队》(教高函[2007]23号);陕西省高等学校教改项目((2015)J32)

Abstract:

This paper discusses the concept of allotrope and briefly describes the existence, composition, structure, synthesis and property of various allotropes formed by two typical nonmetallic elements-hydrogen and boron. Some contents about crystalline boron, such as boron fullerenes, boron nanotubes, boron monolayer, have been added to the allotropes of boron for the first time. Meanwhile, the prediction of computational chemistry to chemical allotropes and the development of modern science and technology in the application of materials have been emphasized.

Key words: Allotrope, Hydrogen, Boron, Structure, Property, Application

MSC2000: 

  • G64