University Chemistry ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 2004004.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202004004

• Between Teacher and Student • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An Attempt on the Teaching Basic Concepts of the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Zhonghua Ma, Xiufang Cao, Hong Jiang, Jimei Ma()   

  • Received:2020-04-01 Accepted:2020-07-30 Published:2020-08-19
  • Contact: Jimei Ma


Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a frequently used spectral method for structural analysis of organic compounds. It is also an important content in the teaching of spectroscopy course. The principle of nuclear magnetic resonance involves some basic concepts including magnetic nucleus, nuclear spin, angular momentum, magnetogyric ratio, electric quadrupole moment, and the change of the internal nuclear energy level distribution in external magnetic field, etc. These concepts are important for the beginners to understand the principle of nuclear magnetic resonance. In this article, the attempt to rationally simplify the complex principle of quantum physics and elucidate the principle from the view of chemistry discipline, and to reasonably integrate ideological and political elements in teaching is discussed. This practice would not only help the students to understand the basic principle in depth, but also cultivate their scientific and systematical thinking and ability to solve complex problems.

Key words: Nuclear magnetic resonance, Magnetic nucleus, Magnetogyric ratio, Nuclear magnetic moment, Angular momentum


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