University Chemistry ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 68-73.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201601035

• Chemistry Laboratory • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Solubility Product Determination ofA2BType Insoluble Salts by theActivity Coefficient Method: TakingAg2SO4 as an Example

Yu LI*(),Jin-Hua ZHU,Qiu-Hua RAO,Yu-Su SONG,Zi-Long ZHOU,Yang ZHENG   

  • Published:2016-11-02
  • Contact: Yu LI E-mail:55491983@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    海军工程大学教学研究项目(2015JB-06,NUE2013224)

Abstract:

Taking the assumption that activity of silver ion and sulfate ion of very low concentration is constant in any aqueous solution,the primary cell was designed for the cell reaction of Ag2SO4(s)→2Ag+(aq)+SO42-(aq).The compensation method was used to obtain the electromotive force of the primary cell when the concentrations of AgNO3 and K2SO4 changed.The relationship between electromotive force and the mean activity coefficients of electrolytes as well as the solution concentration was deduced according to the Nernst equation and the limit Debye-Huckel formula.Standard electromotive force E was obtained by extrapolation.Finally,the solubility product of silver sulfate was calculated through the relationship between equilibrium constant and electromotive force of the primary cell.

Key words: The activity coefficient method, Primary cell, Solubility product

MSC2000: 

  • G64