Gold element occupies a crucial position in the history of science and technology. Ernest Rutherford figured out the basic architecture of the atom by shooting alpha-particles at gold foil. Michael Faraday's experiments with colloidal gold gave an early hint of today's nanotechnology revolution. The gold electrodes were used to make the chips that triggered the information revolution. Gold nanoparticles are central to the development of gold technologies, such as diagnostic testing tools, plasma effects and highly effective catalysts. In this paper, the history, application and future development of nano-gold are discussed and summarized in vivid language with examples. Meanwhile, the relevant physical and chemical principles are also introduced, so that readers can understand the relevant knowledge of nano-gold in interesting reading.
Chemistry is a central science. However, the public's recognition of chemistry needs to be promoted, and the prejudice needs to be reduced. Chemical science popularization is a long-term, complex and arduous social education project, which is of great significance to promote social harmony and improve people's quality of life. This paper summarizes the current status of chemical science popularization in China, and puts forward the innovative development countermeasures which focus on improving public participation, training popular science talents, carrying out popular science popularization education at different levels, creating high-quality science popularization works and opening up new positions and approaches of chemical science popularization. This paper has the reference value for the science popularization colleagues.
Fully understand the chemical science and reasonable use of existing resources is an important premise to chemical science popularization. This paper summarizes the current resource types of popular science of chemistry in China. The chemical science resources in China are sorted out and analyzed, including China Association for Science and Technology of chemical science, popular science base of scientific research institutes and universities, scientific public class and the chemical science online open courses, and WeChat public platform chemical resources. This paper will provide a meaningful introduction of chemical science resources for the public, and provide valuable reference for the practice of chemical science in China.
As one of alkali metal elements, beryllium has attracted much attention because of its unique nature. With an anthropomorphic tone, the article briefly introduces the abnormal chemical properties of beryllium and its applications in alloys, medical treatments, gemstones and other fields in recent years.
In this paper, we visualize the various properties of sodium into each "exhibition area". And we introduce the property and application of sodium by the anthropomorphically story.
The Museum of element time and space held a special activity of "magnesium". Curator Dr. Zhang and five guests introduced magnesium to visitors from the perspectives of discovery, phenomena of its combustion, alloy, Grignard reagent and applications of magnesium in biomedicine.
Phosphorus is the 15th element of the Group V in the third cycle in the periodic table of elements. It plays very important roles in our daily life, involving life, medicine, health, environment, materials, agriculture, etc. It is also indispensable in our daily diet. In this paper, food additives containing phosphorus were introduced in detail, focusing on their main types, application and safety evaluation. Through the discussion about food additives containing phosphorus, we wish to help the readers to have a scientific and fair understanding and comments for food additives.
Titanium has played an essential role in human life and production. Herein, this paper personifies Titanium to describe its physical property, chemical property and application. Our aim is to make it easier for readers to understand in a more lively way.
Through the setting of anthropomorphic dance scene, the properties and applications of chromium and its compounds are introduced.
Manganese has played an essential role in human life and production. Herein, this paper introduces the manganese's resources, properties and applications. Our aim is to make it easier for readers to understand in a more lively way.
Iron has played an essential role in human life and production. Herein, by means of visit, this paper personifies Iron to describe its physical properties and chemical properties and its application in life and production. Our aim is to make it easier for readers to understand in a more lively way.
Gallium is the 31st element in the periodic table of elements. In this paper, the discovery, nature and application of gallium are introduced in the form of storytelling, aiming at giving readers a full understanding of "what is gallium?"
From the perspective of the molybdenum itself, the discovery history, special properties, its application in the industrial and military areas, together with the important contributions to the health of plants and human, have been briefly introduced to readers so as to enrich their scientific understanding of molybdenum-oriented technology.
The lanthanides include elements having atomic numbers 57 (lanthanum) through 71 (lutetium). They all behave in a similar way in chemical reactions and play an increasingly important role in production and life. This article imagines a series of changes that have taken place on the earth since the disappearance of lanthanides, which shows their importance in human life.
Gold, as a noble element, has attended the Element Talent Show. Four judges have been conquered by its hardcore ability in physics and chemistry, which let the audience understand the preliminary knowledge of relativistic effect and aurophilicity. Finally, Gold gets the express pass to semifinal of Talent Show.
Radium is a radioactive metal element. In the early period of its discovery, it was abused due to the lack of understanding, which led to many tragedies. In this paper, in a self-reported tone and anthropomorphic way, the discovery and extensive application of radium is briefly reviewed.
Through three stories about carbon-carbon double bonds, the series of dialogues between the protagonist Xiaoxi and her family members discuss the three structures and real life applications of alkenes containing the planar carbon-carbon double bond, namely the most basic ethene as a plant hormone, the health effect of cis or trans-unsaturated fatty acids, and the light sensing via the fast conversion of 11-cis-retinal cis-trans in rhodopsin.
A brief review is given on the history of fullerene science. The international and domestic development of fullerene science is discussed. Also given are perspectives on the potential applications of fullerene in cosmetics.
This article describes a dream of Little R visiting the 'Chiral Molecule Museum'. It introduces the structure of chiral molecules, the experiment to demonstrate the existence of chiral molecules-experiments on the separation of optical isomers of sodium ammonium tartrate by Pasteur, the two enantiomers of limonene; chiral drug thalidomide, and asymmetric catalysis.
Through three stories about alcohol antiseptics, "hand" messengers, characters of the article find the best choice of alcohol, and method of application. This article introduces proper ways to use alcohol antiseptics in daily life from the following three aspects. The ethanol and propanol can be used, the best concentration for daily use is 70%, and the optimal use of alcohols is considered under different circumstances.
Greatness of clear wine comes from wooden ploughs. As an indispensable part of Chinese food culture, wine has gone through thousands of years with us. This essay will make an introduction of aspects of ethanol's nature, origin, metabolism by means of personification and in form of how Alcohol pursues his own memories, aiming at making readers feel the taste of chemistry with the popularization of science integrating science and fun.
This article describes an introduction of fulminic acid. The story of fulminic acid and fulminates was introduced from the discovery of mercury fulminate to the concept of isomers and the success of Alfred Nobel in the development of explosives. This process provides a good example of integrating science and technology.
The shadow of vitamin B1 follows the footsteps of human in the fight against beriberi. Mankind's understanding of VB1 accumulates gradually, experiences a long and tortuous process, and finally comes to the truth. It is essential to the normal functioning of the body. Scientific spirit and scientific methods are proved undoubtly to be the crucial factors to overcome beriberi and discover vitamin B1. Scientific development is endless, and people are still exploring new areas of vitamin B1.
This is a piece of confession made by Nicotine where its molecular structure and some physiological functions are introduced. The toxicity of Nicotine on human body has been revealed, based on an authentic suicide case. Combined with medical knowledge, the process of Nicotine intoxication, the mechanism of smoking addition and Nicotine's negative effect on human body, have been presented. Ultimately non-smoking advice is suggested for the sake of human health.
The invention of air conditioner (AC) has undoubtedly saved the world from the heat of summer. The development of AC is an important embodiment of continuous development and perfection of science and technology. This article explains the mechanism of freon pollution from the perspective of chemistry, and enumerates the important role of fluoride in daily life, to eliminates people's misunderstanding of fluorine element. The hardships of extracting fluorine reflect the chemists' research experience of collecting experience from failure and the scientific spirit of pursuing the truth.
Known as the "timeless classic", jeans have been deeply integrated into people's lives. In order to give readers a more comprehensive and profound understanding of jeans, this paper introduces the development of indigo dye and the principles of jeans dyeing and aging process from the perspective of chemistry.
"When the fire is pure blue, cast can begin", from the birth of the ware to the evolution of the material, it is all about the fascination of chemistry. In the form of a diary, this article recounts a fascinating journey in which I met, got to know and became acquainted with ceramics, bronze and iron in my dreams, aiming at making the reader realize the chemical knowledge behind those gradually forgotten national treasures in a relaxing and lively story.
Masks have played an important role in the fight against COVID-19. This paper introduces the knowledge of melt blown fabric and non-woven fabric related to mask by means of personification, and the relationship between melt index and product quality. Readers can understand the knowledge of polymer chemistry related to masks in interesting reading.
Chemistry is a central, practical and creative discipline. The development of chemistry plays an important role in the progress of science and society, as well as the improvement of the quality of human life. This paper introduces the chemical knowledge of stone, concrete, glass and other inorganic nonmetallic building materials by the anthropomorphically story. Taking nanomaterials as an example, the prospect of building materials development in the future is put forward.
Chemistry contributes a lot to the rapid development of science and technology. Herein, applying the concept of "chemistry from nothing", we explained the principles in cutting-edge chemical achievements for undergraduates. Reading this article, they are supposed to understand the theoretical knowledge further and show more interested in the frontiers of chemistry.