After more than 30 years of development and construction, the applied chemistry major of Dalian University of Technology has exhibited some special features and advantages. Here, the measures and the obtained results in several aspects, such as the development of the talent training mode, reforming of the course system, promotion of professional training conditions, strengthening the teacher's ability, normalizing the management system, are introduced.
Faced with the wave of "Double First-class" construction of higher education in the new era, chemistry major in higher normal university must create their own characteristic projects. Taking the development of chemistry major of Central China Normal University as an example, the national first-class construction of chemistry major in the new era were discussed from three aspects: The first aspect was the construction of objectives, programs and the formation of curriculum groups; the second aspect was the in-depth pedagogies; and the last aspect was related to the creation of management systems and mechanisms.
Top undergraduate education refers to a top talent-cultivation system based on first-rate disciplines. Discipline construction is the basic unit of talent cultivation, hence the College of Chemistry at Sichuan University has been working on providing the best undergraduate education in chemistry and cultivating scientific experts with moral integrity. With ideological and political education integrated into undergraduate curriculum, the College of Chemistry strives to develop the first-rate undergraduate education in chemistry by construction of teaching system, reform of classroom teaching, integration of research and teaching, chemistry textbook compilation, talent cultivation system, and international education. On this basis, the College of Chemistry endeavors to nurture more excellent experts and social elites with chemistry wisdom and characteristics of Sichuan University.
College of Chemistry is one of the oldest colleges at Zhengzhou University. Under the shocks of lower quality of new students caused by new college entrance examination and the new challenge of cultivate top talents, continuous exploring and practice are carried out by College of Chemistry at Zhengzhou University, aiming at finding an appropriate way for the first-class specialty construction of local colleges and universities under the background of new college entrance examination.
The chemistry major at Xiamen University has accumulated rich experience and strong teaching and research strength during more than 90 years of development. This paper reports the main measures and effects of the comprehensive reform of the major from the aspects of personnel training mode, curriculum system, practice teaching platform, teacher team construction and quality assurance system, and presents the roadmap for the future construction and reform of the chemistry major.
Education is the grand plan of the country, and teachers are the foundation and source of education. Taking the construction of chemistry specialty at Hebei Normal University as an example, this paper focused on how to carry out the first-class chemistry major construction from four aspects in the local higher normal university, including the construction of curriculum system, the construction of "golden course", the practice teaching and the teaching management and evaluation, so as to realize the talent training objectives of "national basic education reform and development strategy needs of key teachers with both political integrity and ability".
In the new era of China's higher education development, the major construction of local normal universities is facing the great opportunity for development driven by the "double ten thousand plan". Taking chemistry major of Anqing Normal University as an example, through more than 40 years' running, the connotation construction of chemistry major such as professional orientation, teaching staff, teaching resources, teaching reform, practical teaching and quality control has made remarkable achievements. Standing at the new starting point of national first-class major construction, the authors make a preliminary discussion on the construction of national first-class major from four aspects: building first-class curriculum, implementing collaborative education, optimizing teacher structure and establishing external evaluation.
Taking the talent training system of the first-class applied chemistry major featuring with 'petrochemical industry' of Liaoning Petrochemical University as an example, the practices in reforming the theoretical teaching system, experimental teaching system, practical teaching system and school-enterprise collaborative education are summarized. It is a reference for the construction of first-class major and talent training system in other similar universities.
It is of great significance to build a high-level undergraduate education, comprehensively improve the ability of personnel training, and implement the "double ten thousand plan" for first-class undergraduate majors. Since its establishment in 1985, the applied chemistry major of ECUST has exhibited distinctive characteristics of major. This article summarizes the ideas, practical experience and achievements of the specialty reform from the aspects of cultivation objective orientation, comprehensive reform, and points out the shortcomings of the specialty construction and the direction of continuous improvement.
The construction of first-class specialty is the guarantee of training first-class talents and the foundation of strengthening first-class undergraduate education. Taking the construction of chemistry major at Hangzhou Normal University as an example, aiming at the special needs of middle school education and college entrance examination enrollment in Zhejiang Province, we should not only see the achievements in the specialty construction, but also face the deficiencies. Through the in-depth analysis of the existing problems, this paper discusses the related problems of the construction of the first-class chemistry specialty from the aspects of the quality assurance system of personnel training, the talent training mode of "determining teaching by learning and promoting learning by research", curriculum, teaching staff and discipline platform. In addition, measures and ideas, implementation plan and construction effect are proposed.
After more than 30 years of development and construction, the applied chemistry specialty at Jinan University has formed the professional characteristics and advantages of "international orientation especially towards Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan". This paper herein introduced the opportunities and challenges of constructing the first-class applied chemistry specialty under the background of "double first-class construction", as well as the corresponding reform aimed to the central task of "talent training", pointed out the problems in the construction, and provided suggestions for the construction of first-class applied chemistry specialty.
Classroom introduction is the starting link of classroom teaching and plays a key role in the teaching effect of the whole class. Classroom introduction skill is an essential ability for pre-service teachers. Based on classroom observation and analysis of study cases, the author summarizes some typical problems of classroom introduction of pre-service chemistry teachers, such as simple stacking of situational materials, excessive use of negative materials, and tedious introduction design. In addition, attribution analysis is carried out from three aspects, namely, ignoring the function of introduction, insufficient understanding of subject value, and inadequate grasp of skill elements and designing principles. At the same time, combined with the analysis of demonstration cases, the countermeasures are put forward to guide the pre-service chemistry teachers to improve their classroom introduction skills.
Since 2017, the Ministry of Education has actively promoted the construction of emerging engineering education. The construction and research of emerging engineering education for chemistry majors are carried out in full swing with the support of the relevant reform projects from the Ministry of Education and the Teaching Steering Committee of Chemical Specialty of the Ministry of Education, and guiding opinions have been put forward for the construction of emerging engineering education for chemistry majors. From the two aspects of teaching materials and course teaching, the integration of the concept of "emerging engineering education" in a specific course (comprehensive & design chemical experiments) is introduced. Based on the previous results and experience, preliminary exploration and practice have been carried out, and some specific reform ideas, such as construction of supporting textbooks that incorporate the idea of "emerging engineering", giving full play to the advantages of online and offline teaching, DIY experiments, and competitions, etc., are put forward. It can provide a reference for the other courses to carry out reform in the context of "emerging engineering education".
Teaching reform of two experiments of basic chemistry laboratory was carried out based on the chemical competition thinking to solve the profound problems in teaching reform. The results of teaching reform show that the teaching objectives of related courses are in good agreement with the training goal of applied chemistry, that the teachers of different courses can highly unify their thoughts under the same teaching topic to communicate deeply, and that training mode of competitive thinking can greatly stimulate students' learning motivation and improve the learning efficiency of students.
At present, the international and domestic society urgently needs a large number of innovative pharmaceutical talents with outstanding capabilities in all aspects. As a discipline closely related to "organic chemistry", the teaching reform and practice of medicinal chemistry are of vital importance. Adopting the teaching mode reform of industry-university-research-application to the course of medicinal chemistry is beneficial to the cultivation of the talents, including the reform of classroom teaching, the introduction of the course platform and public account, the strengthen of the experimental teaching, and the promotion of the diversified practical teaching, etc.
Relying on the first-class discipline of chemistry and chemical engineering characteristic in our university, applied chemistry major has established a three-level theory course teaching system including basic courses, core courses and professional module direction courses, guided by the concepts of solidifying basic knowledge, interdiscipline, modularization. Furthermore, four levels of practical teaching system including basic, comprehensive, professional and innovative research laboratories, and training model including outstanding ability, sub-direction, sino-US cooperative education were applied in student cultivation. Academic tutors undertake the task of student training in actual work, promoting the development of innovative research laboratory and subject competitions. A "3-4-3-1" training model has been set up for cultivating innovative and practical applied chemistry professionals integrating science and engineering.
After years of exploration and practice, the chemistry discipline of Nankai University has exhibited distinctive characteristics during the construction of first-class major. This article introduces the construction of first-class chemistry major in Nankai University from the aspects of characteristic talent training mode, scientific research and innovation ability training, and teaching quality supervision.
After more than 20 years of construction, the applied chemistry major of Guangxi University has formed distinct regional and disciplinary characteristics. This paper comprehensively introduced the measures and achievements of this major in terms of professional positioning, faculty building, grassroots teaching organization, experimental teaching reform, construction of collaborative education, and construction of professional quality assurance system.
In the new era, under the background of the Ministry of Education's comprehensive implementation of the professional certification of teacher's major in normal colleges and universities, the excellent teacher training program 2.0, and the "Double Ten Thousand Plan" for the construction of first-class undergraduate majors, the first-class professional development of local higher normal universities has ushered in new opportunities and challenges. This paper takes the pre-service training model of "three characteristics, three abilities, three courses" for excellent teachers in chemistry major (teacher education) of Guangxi Normal University as an example. The practice and effectiveness of the construction of first-class teachers' majors are summarized from the following aspects: the training model, professional curriculum group construction, classroom teaching reform, and teacher ability training.
In the long-term teaching practice, the major of chemistry at Northwest University has formed a distinctive feature in the specialty construction, by scientifically and rationally setting the specialty orientation and personnel training objectives based on the following measures: continuous improving the teaching quality with the construction of teachers as the starting point; polishing the background color of professional education based on the teaching material construction; focusing on improving students' academic quality using curriculum construction as the guide; establishing long-term mechanism of talent training with first-class teaching management as the guarantee. This paper introduces the measures and results of the construction of the first-class specialty of chemistry at Northwest University from the aspects of specialty orientation, teaching staff construction, teaching materials construction, curriculum construction and teaching management.
The major of applied chemistry at University of Jinan was selected as one of the first batch of national first-class undergraduate major construction sites. This article introduces the exploration and practice of this major in recent years in characteristic development, teaching reform, faculty construction, and talent training, providing reference for the first-class undergraduate major construction in local undergraduate institutions.
Based on the concept of OBE (Outcome-Based Education) in engineering education, and taking the chemical engineering and technology major of our university as an example, a systematic mechanism served for cultivating students' engineering design ability is proposed, which focuses on the main idea of "defining-realization-evaluation of learning outcomes". The cultivating mode in this work including the construction of course system, the allocation of teaching conditions, and the quality monitoring of personnel training, can be of guiding significance to the construction of talent-cultivation system of related majors in local universities.
The chemistry major of Fuzhou University was founded in 1958 by the famous chemist Prof. Dr. Lu Jiaxi. After years of exploration and practice, the chemistry discipline of Fuzhou University has exhibited distinctive characteristics during the construction of first-class major. This article introduces the chemistry major of Fuzhou University with Prof. Dr. Lu Jiaxi's "C3H3" as the educational guiding ideology, based on morality and cultivation of people, maintaining integrity and innovation, and through the reform of the curriculum system, talent training mode and practical teaching system, the spirit of Jiaxi is run through the whole process of talent training. The above measures have achieved certain results.
As a national first-class applied chemistry major construction university, how to deeply pay attention to the initial intention of undergraduate major construction, combine the characteristics of professional development and regional advantages, and do a good job of national first-class major construction has become the main task in the following three years of construction. Although some experience in the construction of the first-class undergraduate construction of applied chemistry has been accumulated, some unavoidable problems need to be solved. In view of the existing problems, it is necessary to explore and build a national first-class specialty of applied chemistry and form a scientific and systematic development plan, which will greatly promote the development of applied chemistry and provide a good reference for the construction of other disciplines in the region.
The basic task of "Double First-class" construction is the cultivation of first-class talents. First-class major is the basic unit. Taking the applied chemistry major of Beijing University of Chemical Technology as an example, the ideas, measures and results of cultivation objective orientation, comprehensive reform, teachers team and quality assurance system construction were described. The direction of continuous improvement was proposed. This paper may provide some references for constructing first-class chemistry-related or other majors.
Focusing on the talents training, the chemistry major of ECNU has been established the "four high-level" mechanisms to clarify its educational orientation, improve its teaching staff, highlight practical teaching, guarantee the quality of educational reform, and continue to promote the construction of first-class major.
The College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences in Wuhan University considers first-class undergraduate education as the basic task of the "Double First-Class" construction. By placing the development of students in the focus, it explores multi-level teaching of professional core courses and classified training of teaching students according to their aptitude. This reform has strengthened students' confidence in learning, improved their interest in learning and achievements, promoted the cultivation of top talents, optimized the allocation of teachers, and further improved the quality of education and teaching.
It is an inevitable trend of university education in the new era to revitalize undergraduate education, improve the ability of cultivating talents, establish first-class undergraduate major and build first-class undergraduate education. Taking the chemistry (normal) major of Southwest University as an example, the ideas, measures and results of the formulation of training program, the construction of basic teaching organizations, the reform of teaching content and methods, the construction of teaching practices were introduced. This paper may provide some references for constructing first-class chemistry-related or other majors.
Based on the concept for the construction of first-class curriculum and under the guidance of "the integration of the first level disciplines", in this study, with organic chemistry learning as an example, how to strengthen the cooperation between the courses of the secondary disciplines and the teaching based on the problem-based learning (PBL) mode was discussed.
As the basis of undergraduate education, major construction is a systematic project, involving teachers, students, and the condition and support of teaching. The level and quality of major construction directly affect the quality of talent training. To cultivate excellent professionals and promote the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, this paper analyzed the current status of major construction and pointed out the bottleneck of the major development by taking chemistry major of Hunan University as an example. According to the central task of "talent training" and the shortcomings of major status, we put forward reform measures from the aspects of "software and hardware" of major construction. This paper may provide some clues and references for constructing first-class chemistry or other majors.
The methods for teaching the physical chemistry course have been improved, considering cultivating the technology talents for local application-oriented university. We focused on the effects of the educational reforms on the physical chemistry course, including the online-to-offline teaching model, problem-oriented, group discussion, case analysis and flipped class. The aim of the reforms is to encourage the motivation and innovation of students and to improve the ability of self-study and solving problems.
Based on the background of "emerging engineering education" construction, some methods were employed for the analytical chemistry course in Harbin Institute of technology, including updating the teaching content according to the characteristics of each major, combining with the latest scientific research progress in order to open the channel between classroom teaching and scientific research results, improving teaching skills, enriching practical teaching resources, opening the surface and interface material analytical chemistry laboratory, and stimulating learning interests by discipline competition and innovation and entrepreneurship projects as carriers. These methods can further improve teaching quality and broaden students' international vision, and comprehensively improve students' innovative spirit and ability.
The construction of first-class major is the foundation for constructing the first-class undergraduate education and world-leading university. This paper clarifies the construction standard and key points of first-class major on the analysis of the Information Tables for application of the first-class major. Some suggestions for the future construction of firs-class major are provided. It is of certain guiding significance to the construction of the first-class major in the future.