The education characters of emerging engineering education (3E) is summarized. The necessary for reform and construction of new chemistry-related majors based on the ideal of 3E is discussed. The main ideas and ways proposed and the main research progresses made by the Instructional Committee of Chemistry Majors, Mistry of Education are briefly introduced with emphasis on the setup of two new majors namely "Chemistry Metrology and Technology" and "Intelligent Molecular Engineering" and reform of "Energy Chemistry". It is of guidance significance for the future reform of chemistry-related majors based on the 3E idea.
To effectively solve the problem of insufficient engineering ability in the experimental teaching of pharmaceutical engineering major, the engineering integrated experimental device was designed and developed based on the idea of "one main body and two wings". On the basis of this device, the "virtual and real combination, online and offline" laboratory teaching project of production simulation and unit operation engineering simulation for anti-cough drug levodropropizine was implemented. It is expected to enhance students' engineering awareness and enhance the engineering ability to meet the new requirements of the "new engineering discipline" for professional laboratory teaching.
This paper introduced the exploration on the new measures of cultivating innovative and applied talents in minority areas as part of the project in construction of the national demonstration center for experimental chemistry education. Focusing on developing students' experimental skills and innovation abilities, the reform refined the "Three Education" laboratory teaching philosophy of the laboratory culture education, the professional skills education and the innovation ability education, constructed "Three Education" laboratory teaching system, and established the operating mechanism of laboratory teaching of "Four Focuses" and "Five Synergies". For how to play the role of laboratory teaching in the effective cultivation of innovative and applied talents, this article provides a useful exploration and effective practical experience.
The status and main problems in the cultivation of master degree graduate training in materials and chemical engineering (chemical engineering field) of Harbin Institute of Technology were analyzed by applying the concept of engineering education paradigm. Combined with the professional directions of chemical engineering discipline in HIT, i.e. "one field" (new chemical material field) and "two industries" (electrochemical engineering and polymer material engineering), the revision of training program, the course constructions and the measures for engineering practice ability and innovation ability training were explored and practiced with the purpose of the cultivation of industry leaders and high-level talents in chemical engineering filed.
Catalytic chemistry is a subject with strong requirements for comprehension and application, which has overlap and interconnection with several subjects such as inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry and physical chemistry. To promote the students' enthusiasm in learning and improve their professionalism, we put forward to construct subject-oriented knowledge system and design student-centered teaching mode. The aim is to stimulate the study enthusiasm among the students and to endow students with creative- and analytical-thinking. The distinct teaching feature is the combination of theory and practice.
This paper introduces the exploration of inorganic chemistry course teaching based on the energy chemical engineering major. The sense of professional mission of students is inspired, the sense of responsibility for curriculum learning is strengthened, and the curriculum knowledge is integrated into the professional connotation. The teaching of inorganic chemistry course is full of vitality due to some teaching methods including mutual inquiry, case discussion, expanding extracurricular knowledge and communication and online learning. Thus, the learning capability and professionalism of the students are improved.
The background of the establishment of "chemistry metrology and technology" as an emerging engineering education major based on chemistry is analyzed. Based on the national development strategy, aiming at the urgent demand of interdisciplinary talents for the rapid development of chemistry metrology and technology, the necessity of setting up the major of "chemistry metrology and technology" based on chemistry is demonstrated. Based on the investigation of professional talents in instrument development enterprises and application fields, some suggestions on the program of "chemistry metrology and technology" major including orientation, objectives, graduation requirements and professional training are provided. Some requirements of the curriculum, teaching staff and teaching conditions are put forward.
Based on building emerging engineering education of "energy chemistry", we investigated the state key petro-chemical enterprises according to the industrial development and the demand of professional talents. The research report summarizes, analyzes and discusses the current priority development fields of industry, the talent training status, curriculum structure and education program of the chemistry and chemical engineering in universities. The ideas on emerging engineering education of "energy chemistry" have been proposed, and it will be beneficial to building a novel education program for talents training, which integrates the principle of chemistry, energy conversion and information science, etc.
The reform and innovation of the chemistry textbooks for applied chemistry students by Jinling College of Nanjing University were introduced. A series of textbooks for both theoretical and laboratory courses with focus on training the problem-solving capacity of students are developed. The reform and composition of textbooks help the development of young teachers and improvement of the teaching pedagogy and contents.
The basic considerations of the first batch of research and practice project for emerging engineering education (3E) sponsored by the Ministry of Education which is undertaken by the National Instructional Committee of Higher Chemistry Education is introduced. The significance of the project, the fundamentals of the previous works, the research arrangements, and the expected main achievements are discussed. It is of guiding significance for the future design and construction of 3E majors based on chemistry in universities.
"Energy chemistry" was approved as one of the chemistry majors for undergraduate by the Ministry of Education in 2015. Based on the ideas and ways of emerging engineering education, this paper hereby proposed some of constructive suggestions on the training objectives, graduation requirements, curriculum system, teaching contents, teaching staff and conditions for development of "energy chemistry" major.
This "emerging engineering education (3E)" project "Upgrade and Practice of Chemistry-related Majors of Local and/or Specialized University Responding to the Industry Changes" was supported by the Ministry of Education. To aim at the issue of how to upgrade the chemistry-related majors of a local and/or specialized university responding to industry changes, an investigation on local regional economy and industry changes was carried out, the capability requirements of 3E for talents were analyzed, and the training objectives, graduation requirements as well as the new teaching models were also studied for the major to meet the future requirements. The practical experience for 3E construction of chemistry-related majors by selected universities was suggested.
At present, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation is accelerating, which has put forward higher requirements for the discipline of new energy science and engineering with typical interdisciplinary characteristics. On the background of emerging engineering education, the "new energy science and engineering" discipline is building at Nankai University to cater for the development of renewable energy and to explore the strategies of talent cultivation. The models for talent training, settings of new curriculum system, and forms of teaching practice are presented. The goal is to promote the extension of applied science towards engineering and to foster the cultivation of talents in the new energy field with broad interdisciplinary science-technology horizon and strong practical ability.
According to the construction concept of the "emerging engineering education", ideas and the connotations for constructing "intelligent molecular engineering" are introduced. The necessities of setting up of "intelligent molecular engineering" are discussed and the cultivation demand of professional talents is analyzed. The construction draft of "intelligent molecular engineering" is also expounded, including the cultivation targets and requirements of graduation, the teaching content of curriculum system, teaching staff and teaching conditions. All the statements are significant for guiding the design and construction of "intelligent molecular engineering".
To adapt to the needs of the development of new technology and new business forms, enhance the students' ability of innovation knowledge transformation and innovation and entrepreneurship, and promote the technological development and industrial upgrading of Liaoning Province and fine chemical industry, our university has established an innovation and entrepreneurship training system to meet the requirements of emerging engineering talents training, according to the professional advantages, regional characteristics and the social needs. The orientation of applied chemistry major, personnel training objectives, teaching mode, platform construction, innovation and entrepreneurship education have been systematically designed and comprehensively reformed, and some achievements and experiences have been achieved.
Based on the development prospect of cosmetics industry, the advantage of light industry characteristic and the foundation of applied chemistry in Jiangnan University, a systematic upgrading of applied chemistry was carried out through "emerging engineering education (3E)" project "upgrade and practice of chemistry-related majors of local and/or trade university responding to the social developments" supported by the Ministry of Education. On the basis of investigation and analysis, the orientation and training goal of applied chemistry were updated first, and then the curriculum system was determined and the curriculum construction is strengthened, so as to achieve more distinctive characteristics, more solid foundation and more comprehensive quality. In view of the new requirements of the 3E for talent training, some practices have been formed in the aspects of multi-disciplinary integration, multi-angle coordination and close integration to industry. Contributing the development of cosmetics industry and seizing the commanding point of science and technology from the perspective of talent training, will play a unique role in human social progress.
The reform of curriculum system and teaching contents are the key contents in construction of emerging engineering education (3E). Based on the requirements of 3E for cultivating talents in universities especially in local comprehensive universities and better adaption to the development trend of Yunnan's economics and the needs of industrial transformation and upgrading, this paper puts forward an idea of "one core-two improvements-three integrations" in curriculum system reform. In order to realize the transformation of the pharmaceutical engineering major in Yunnan University from traditional engineering education to 3E, a new curriculum system of "three levels-four modules" has been constructed, and the teaching contents have been reformed through multiple approaches.
Taking a typical local and industry-orientated applied chemistry major as an example with focusing on the major changes in the form and content of the petrochemical industry, the way to reform the core curriculum system and teaching contents is presented. Based on the changing tendency of refinement of the petrochemical industry, a complete curriculum system with distinctive industry characteristics is set up according to the principles of the emerging engineering education (3E) with several reasonable suggestions. A new model for the construction of a 3E major in chemistry-related majors is suggested. It is a good reference for the construction of curriculum systems for other local and industry-orientated colleges who want to make 3E reform.
In the context of building innovative and higher educational powerful country, the theory research and practice of emerging engineering education (3E) are carried out in China. Depending on the first-class disciplines of chemistry, chemical engineering and materials, the curriculum system of fine chemicals 3E major is constructed in ECUST: thick foundation of scientific chemistry; strong integration of multidisciplinary modules such as biomedical, molecular engineering, functional molecular engineering, engineering foundation and chemical engineering; emphatical innovational curriculum. The system will serve to train talents with thick foundation, strong engineering ability and higher comprehensive quality, thus an ECUST model of 3E construction can be formed in the context of double first-class discipline construction, which may be helpful for other majors to construct 3E courses.
In the light of the new requirements of emerging engineering education for talent cultivation, this paper firstly analyzes the difficulties and deficiencies in the construction of applied chemistry major in Qingdao Agricultural University. This paper also introduces the practice in adapting to the regional economy and society development and the needs of students' growth, innovating the talent training mode, optimizing the talent training program, reconstructing the curriculum system, and strongly promoting the education and teaching reform based on the project. A new idea is provided for constructing the application-oriented talent training mode of industry-university-research for local agricultural colleges and universities in the background of the emerging engineering education.
In order to better serve the local economic construction, the specialty of Salt Lake chemical industry is strengthened and optimized based on the concept of emerging engineering education (3E). The education reform has been carried out actively so as to meet the new needs of industrial development. The improvement of curriculum system was made by enhancing the multi-discipline education, updating the teaching contents, setting up school enterprise cooperation for teaching, research and application with strengthening innovation and engineering practice ability training. The reform has achieved good results and laid solid foundation for the future development of a new 3E major of Science and Technology of Salt Lake.
Owing to the rapid development of new technologies, new forms of business, new industries and the major national development strategies of "Maritime power strategy", the applied chemistry specialty of Qingdao University is reformed and upgraded according to emerging engineering education (3E) project and featured with "marine chemical industry and medicine". In this paper, combined with the revision of the professional training program, the specialty of applied chemistry has increased the characteristic courses and course module of marine resources chemistry. Meanwhile, the course content is reformed, and the characteristic talent training is emphasized, which is of guiding significance for reforming and upgrading the traditional majors with 3E concepts.
It is necessary to develop new engineering-directed applied chemistry major on the basis of chemistry major and to remodel the current applied chemistry education according to the concept of emerging engineering. Herein, emendation in 2020 version of applied chemistry education plan and researches on teaching renovations for applied chemistry major in Hunan University is introduced. Through the adjustments of education goals, course systems, teaching contents and teaching models, we wish to highlight the central status of the educations that integrates morality and ability. In addition to the inheritance of the specialty in corrosion and protection, it is expected to further satisfy the need of graduates for the industries such as new materials, new energy, high-tech production, environmental protection, and new generation of information technique. At last, future trends and perspectives in emerging engineering applied chemistry is proposed.
Facing the demand of strengthening the collaborative innovation ability of postgraduates under the background of emerging engineering education, the authors based on many years of teaching and scientific research experience carry out a series of teaching reforms on the teaching content, teaching methods, teaching means and assessment methods for the advanced separation engineering course. The project case base is established, case teaching and team cooperation are adopted to integrate multi-field professional knowledge and the latest scientific research achievements. Professional software is used to solve complex engineering problems, and the manual calculation and software calculation exercises are combined to strengthen the understanding and application of theoretical knowledge. The diversified assessment mode is taken to improve the study enthusiasm and autonomous learning ability. The practice shows that the teaching reforms and implementation of this course obviously improve the teaching effect, which is of great significance to the cultivation of postgraduates' comprehensive engineering ability, team communication and innovative thinking ability.
The construction of interdisciplinary curriculum system is a systematic project involving many aspects, which is an organized and challenging creative process. In view of the problems faced by multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary specialty construction, taking the material chemistry major of Shaanxi Normal University as an example, this paper introduces the exploration and practice in the construction of curriculum system with multi-disciplinary cross-specialty based on the "Three Points on One Line" model, for providing reference in construction of emerging engineering specialty with the features of multi-disciplinary cross.
Xiamen University established the world's first undergraduate program for energy chemistry in 2015. Herein, we introduced the energy chemistry course group which includes 11 courses. We also described the curriculum system and the teaching arrangement of the undergraduates, and summarized the experience in the construction of energy chemistry major, especially the ideas of science and technology integration and collaborative innovation. We expected our teaching experience would help the other universities to apply for the energy chemistry major and set up relevant courses.
The project "Exploration and Practice of Chemical Industry Reform and Upgrade Paths Facing New Economy" is one of the first batch of emerging engineering education undertaken by the Ministry of Education, which was completed by Wuhan Institute of Technology. This article summarizes the measures and effects of the emerging engineering education construction process, and discusses the target system construction for the perspective of future-oriented excellent engineer, multi-dimensional teaching system construction, diversified engineering education teacher team construction, innovation and entrepreneurship education promotion.