This paper introduces the development of scientific research training for students in the Top Talent Training Program of Chemistry in Xiamen University. Through questionnaire survey and comparative data analysis, we discuss how to cultivate scientific research interests, literacy and ability of high-level innovative talents.
The chemistry major at Xiamen University has accumulated rich experience and strong teaching and research strength during more than 90 years of development. This paper reports the main measures and effects of the comprehensive reform of the major from the aspects of personnel training mode, curriculum system, practice teaching platform, teacher team construction and quality assurance system, and presents the roadmap for the future construction and reform of the chemistry major.
In view of the fact that there are no physical chemistry and structural chemistry courses in most of the non-chemistry department, the knowledge of computational chemistry of the college students is very limited. It is beneficial to quote some simulation research contents of computational chemistry properly in general chemistry teaching process. This will broaden students' vision, promote students' enthusiasm for learning, update the content of general chemistry teaching, cultivate the thinking ability, and finally improve the quality of teaching.
In recent years, some innovations have been explored in laboratory teaching of basic organic chemistry based on program of "Top Talent Training Program". This paper discussed and reflected moduling experiment of organic chemistry for this Top Talent Training Program, including experiment objectives, moduling experiment design, conduct of moduling experiment, lessons and prospects.
Herein, we proposed a research-oriented computational chemistry experiment. During the experiment, students should design by-themselves the computational experiment through literature research, mechanism assumption, computational verification and data analysis. The course integration of fundamental knowledge and practical ability provided a good base to inspire the activity and creativity of the students. This experiment was set up for the realization of the target of cultivating research type talents.
General course education is an important way to cultivate innovative talents with comprehensive development of morality, intelligence, physical and aesthetic and broad basic knowledge. As a central, practical and creative subject, chemistry plays an indispensible role in the general education system to develop the comprehensive quality and innovation ability of students. This paper summarizes the teaching practice and characteristic feature of the general education course "Chemistry in Our Lives" offered by the author, aiming to further improve the teaching quality and achieve better teaching effect.
In the wake of the intensifying novel coronavirus epidemic nationwide, a number of universities and colleges have postponed the start of the spring semester. However, education continues via online platforms during disease outbreak, which also offers an opportunity to explore the new teaching model. This paper reviewed how to set up "double-teacher online class" to carry out targeted teaching tutorials via DingTalk software.
There are some vague concepts and improper divisions of extension of concepts in some textbooks of chemistry, which is attributed to the lack of logical knowledge. Some knowledge and rules on the concepts such as intension, extension, definition and division were introduced to help teachers to overcome the shortages.
This paper focuses on the detailed construction of the National Demonstration Center for Experimental Chemistry Education of Xiamen University. It contains the accurate design and construction of engineering systems, supply and exhaust air, water, electricity, etc., and furniture. Therefore, this paper provides practical experience for the detailed design and construction of chemistry teaching laboratories in colleges and universities.
This paper summarized our practices on cultural construction in chemistry laboratory including laboratory environment,rules,management and spirit based on the characteristics of our center.
This article elaborates on how to inspire and guide students to think in the teaching process through a simple chemical experiment teaching case——the application of eudiometry.
This paper mainly introduces the laboratory course platform "Enhanced Experiments in Basic Chemistry" of its basic framework, experimental content design, dynamic textbook construction and teaching practice, which is particularly designed for top talented chemistry-majored students in Xiamen University. In order to provide the reference experience for the reform of chemistry laboratory teaching in colleges and universities, and to provide reference for the implementation of "Top Talent Training Program of Chemistry" 2.0 in the future.
This paper makes a comprehensive summary of the exploration and implementation of the "Top Talent Training Program of Chemistry" in Xiamen University, including target orientation, student recruitment, tutor allocation, curriculum system, scientific research training, management mechanism and implementation effect.
This paper mainly introduces applications and effects of "6S" on the management of the basic chemistry teaching laboratory at Xiamen University, hoping to provide applicable, operable experiences for the construction and management of college chemistry teaching laboratories by the practice in the experimental environment, location management, reagent and instrument management.
Herein the small-class-seminar-based (SCSB) teaching and the basic elements concerning the quality control of SCSB teaching are discussed. The exploratory practice of SCSB teaching in the Topnotch Students Scientific Development Pilot Program at Department of Chemistry, Xiamen University is introduced and several teaching cases are also presented.
Inorganic chemistry is an important course for chemistry majors, which plays an important supporting role in achieving education goals and graduation requirements. In this paper, taking Xiamen University as an example, the curriculum and teaching content of inorganic chemistry were explored.
During the suspending of education for prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, chemistry majors in colleges and universities actively responded to the requirements of the Ministry of Education that "class is suspended without stopping teaching, class suspension without learning suspension", and earnestly organized online teaching. The National Instructional Committee of Chemistry Higher Education designed three questionnaires for chemistry majors, teachers and students to make survey on the online teaching. Through analysis of the survey, some important problems and suggestions are put forward. It is of significance to promote the future online education and teaching reform of relevant courses of chemistry majors.
This paper elaborates how to practice the diversified teaching in "top class" of Instrumental analysis laboratory course at Xiamen University. Instrumental analysis laboratory uses the network teaching platform to achieve the communication between teachers and students in time and space, to strengthen the exploratory and innovative thinking experience through the expansibility experiments. This paper also discusses some problems in the training of top talents.
"Energy chemistry" was approved as one of the chemistry majors for undergraduate by the Ministry of Education in 2015. Based on the ideas and ways of emerging engineering education, this paper hereby proposed some of constructive suggestions on the training objectives, graduation requirements, curriculum system, teaching contents, teaching staff and conditions for development of "energy chemistry" major.
To meet the requirement of "top-notch innovative program", some innovations have been explored in laboratory teaching of basic organic chemistry in recent years, which led to some successful and failing experience. This paper discussed an advanced cultivation mode of "top-notch undergraduate education" in this field, including cultivation objectives, cultivation modes, assessment models, defects, achievements and prospects.
Xiamen University established the world's first undergraduate program for energy chemistry in 2015. Herein, we introduced the energy chemistry course group which includes 11 courses. We also described the curriculum system and the teaching arrangement of the undergraduates, and summarized the experience in the construction of energy chemistry major, especially the ideas of science and technology integration and collaborative innovation. We expected our teaching experience would help the other universities to apply for the energy chemistry major and set up relevant courses.
We discussed the training program based on the "enrollment and training of students in large category" for chemistry majors of College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at Xiamen University, and expounded the curriculum system including public basic courses, general knowledge courses, core subject courses, multi-level practical courses, modular and professional courses, and the elective courses.
Herein the knowledge integration in undergraduate teaching is discussed. The exploratory practice of knowledge system construction in undergraduate teaching of analytical chemistry at Department of Chemistry, Xiamen University and an integrated knowledge system framework based on targetrecognition signal inducing and signal sensing are introduced. Teaching cases designed to provide experience of multiple creative thinking are presented and the teaching significance is also discussed.
In the online organic chemistry and laboratory courses, the open or semi open quizzes before class and after class are adopted to explore the "dual quizzes teaching" mode on the network teaching platform. As the progress of "dual quizzes teaching", students' learning weakness, confidence and enthusiasm are improved continuously. Through the analysis of online students' learning data, questionnaire and interactive feedback, the teachers can evaluate the learning situation of the students and regulate instructional content in time. As a result of teaching online, the "dual quizzes teaching" mode has achieved highly positive effect.
The drawbacks in interpreting the chemical equilibrium in current general chemistry textbooks were discussed. An easy-understood introduction of chemical isothermoequation of several types of reactions was proposed. Reversible and irreversible reactions, reversible and irreversible processes, and complete and incomplete reactions were distinguished, respectively.
This study illustrates a comprehensive experiment covering polymer chemistry, physical chemistry and instrumental analysis. In this experiment, the temperature-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAM) microgels are synthesized and characterized. The PNIPAM microgels are prepared by free-radical precipitation polymerization in aqueous phase. The temperature responsive properties of PNIPAM microgels were explored from two aspects, macroscopic and microscopic. This comprehensive experiment is based on the research of cutting-edge topics, which is helpful to cultivate students' ability of integrating theory with experiment and applying knowledge to practice, as well as to train students' awareness of interdisciplinary integration.
This paper mainly introduces the laboratory course platform——"Enhanced Experiments (I) in Basic Chemistry", which is designed for top-notch chemistry-majored students in Xiamen University, including its curriculum design, implementation and the teaching experience.
The paper focuses on the research of the chemistry curriculums and teaching contents in the universities at home and USA based on information from the official websites of overseas colleges and doctorate students abroad. On the basis of the comparison and analysis, we can understand the different professional course systems and teaching contents in universities between China and USA. Moreover, some suggestions and thoughts for the major problems in chemistry teaching in China are put forward.