## Design of Classroom Teaching in Inorganic Chemistry: Structure and Properties of Carbon Element and Its Applications

Wei Mingdeng,, Wei Qiaohua

 基金资助: 福州大学第10批高等教育教学改革工程项目.  500108522018年福州大学一流本科教学改革建设项目

Received: 2019-06-30   Accepted: 2019-08-12

Abstract

Taking "the structure and properties as well as applications for carbon element" as an example, this paper illustrates the concrete methods in the classroom teaching of elementary chemistry. Based on understanding the structure and properties of carbon element for students, the discussion was executed in classroom, and the attention on new carbon materials will be focused. At the same time, the relationships among the structure, chemical performance and applications for carbon oxides have been discussed in detail, especially, CO2 reduction by photocatalytic reaction and synthetic fuels from CO by Fischer–Tropsch reaction have been introduced as examples for utilization of carbon oxides. Finally, the present researches on carbon materials and their applications in our college have been introduced and the students have also been encouraged to execute "Students Research Training Program, SRTP" in the carbon materials related institutes, and the classroom knowledge and scientific research have been linked closely.

Keywords： Element chemistry ; Classroom teaching ; Structure ; Performance ; Application ; Teaching reform

Wei Mingdeng. Design of Classroom Teaching in Inorganic Chemistry: Structure and Properties of Carbon Element and Its Applications. University Chemistry[J], 2020, 35(8): 24-27 doi:10.3866/PKU.DXHX201906066

## 1 授课对象及课程概况

### 2 课堂教学的内容组织与实施方式

#### 2.1.2 碳氧化物的结构和化学性质

$\text{FeO}+\text{CO}\xrightarrow{高温}\text{Fe}+\text{C}{{\text{O}}_{2}}\left(还原反应\right)$

$\text{Hb}\cdot {{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}+\text{CO}\xrightarrow{310\text{ K}}\text{Hb}\cdot \text{CO}+{{\text{O}}_{2}}\left(配位反应\right)$

$2\text{Mg}+\text{C}{{\text{O}}_{2}}\xrightarrow{点燃}2\text{MgO}+\text{C}$

### 图1

##### 2.2.2 基于费托合成的课题研究

$\text{CO}+{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}\text{O}\xrightarrow[加热,压力]{催化剂}{{\text{H}}_{2}}+\text{C}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}$

$(2n+1){{\text{H}}_{2}}+n\text{CO}\xrightarrow[加热,压力]{催化剂}{{\text{C}}_{n}}{{\text{H}}_{(2n+2)}}+n{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}\text{O (}n=1-20\text{)}$

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