大学化学 >> 2017, Vol. 32 >> Issue (7): 23-27.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201701002

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

基于合成方法学研究的有机化学实验教学改革与实践——以苯甲酸乙酯制备为例

陈淼,陈永嘉,丁尔东,戴畅航,房璠,高凯旻,霍佳彤,江晓宇,江子渊,李阳,李智豪,李隗星月,刘子琛,汤天化,王昶,张澍堃,郑辛平,宗家睿,刘硕,李玉新,韩杰*()   

  • 发布日期:2017-06-27
  • 通讯作者: 韩杰 E-mail:hanjie@nankai.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    2017年度教育部“基础学科拔尖学生培养试验计划”研究课题(20170109);南开大学2015年教学改革项目

Teaching Reform and Practice of Organic Chemistry Laboratory Course Based on"Synthetic Methodology":Taking Preparation of Ethyl Benzoate as an Example

Miao CHEN,Yong-Jia CHEN,Er-Dong DING,Chang-Hang DAI,Fan FANG,Kai-Min GAO,Jia-Tong HUO,Xiao-Yu JIANG,Zi-Yuan JIANG,Yang LI,Zhi-Hao LI,Wei-Xingyue LI,Zi-Chen LIU,Tian-Hua TANG,Chang WANG,Shu-Kun ZHANG,Xin-Ping ZHENG,Jia-Rui ZONG,Shuo LIU,Yu-Xin LI,Jie HAN*()   

  • Published:2017-06-27
  • Contact: Jie HAN E-mail:hanjie@nankai.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    2017年度教育部“基础学科拔尖学生培养试验计划”研究课题(20170109);南开大学2015年教学改革项目

摘要:

以苯甲酸乙酯的制备实验为例,将合成方法学研究引入有机化学实验教学。采取抽签方式确定每个学生的实验内容,通过考查加热方式(电热套或微波辐射加热)、溶剂(甲苯或环己烷)以及反应时间对实验结果的影响,使学生了解科学研究的方法,并通过文献查阅及实验结果分析讨论等教学实践环节提高学生的创新思维和科研能力。

关键词: 合成方法学, 创新能力, 教学改革

Abstract:

Synthetic methodology has been introduced to organic chemistry laboratory course by taking the preparation of ethyl benzoate as an example.The experiments for each student were carried out by drawing lots, and the reaction conditions such as heating sources (electricity or microwave power), solvents (toluene or cyclohexane) and reaction time were investigated by the undergraduate students.Additionally, the critical review of chemical literatures was added into the teaching and the experiment results were discussed in order to improve the innovative thinking and scientific research ability of the undergraduate students.

Key words: Synthetic methodology, Innovative ability, Teaching reform

MSC2000: 

  • G64