大学化学 >> 2019, Vol. 34 >> Issue (1): 104-107.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201803015

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大学基础化学教学中分子间作用力与范德华力的概念辨析

花书贵1,*(),季姣1,单靖舒1,2,严珺1   

  1. 1 江苏第二师范学院生命科学与化学化工学院, 南京 210013
    2 江苏省滨海县陈铸初级中学, 江苏 盐城 224522
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-05 发布日期:2019-01-16
  • 通讯作者: 花书贵 E-mail:huashugui@jssnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    江苏省教育科学"十二五"规划课题(D/2015/01/103)

Analysis on the Concept of Intermolecular Interactions and van der Waals Force in the Teaching of University Chemistry

Shugui HUA1,*(),Jiao JI1,Jingshu SHAN1,2,Jun YAN1   

  1. 1 School of Life Science and Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu Second Normal University, Nanjing 210013, P. R. China
    2 Chenzhu Junior Middle School, Yancheng 224522, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2018-03-05 Published:2019-01-16
  • Contact: Shugui HUA E-mail:huashugui@jssnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    江苏省教育科学"十二五"规划课题(D/2015/01/103)

摘要:

探讨了分子间作用力和范德华力这两个概念的差异,从作用力的物理模型上厘清了这两个在大学基础化学教学中易混淆的基本概念。

关键词: 弱相互作用, 引力, 斥力

Abstract:

This paper discussed the differences between intermolecular interactions and van der Waals force. Based on the physical models of different interactions, some important and confusing concepts were clarified.

Key words: Weak interaction, Attractive force, Repulsive force

MSC2000: 

  • G64