大学化学 >> 2017, Vol. 32 >> Issue (1): 48-51.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201604033

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

形貌各异ZnO微结构的合成与表征——一个简单有趣的化学综合实验

李平1,*(),罗占洲2   

  1. 1 河北师范大学化学与材料科学学院, 石家庄 050024
    2 江南大学化学与材料工程学院, 江苏 无锡 214122
  • 发布日期:2017-01-13
  • 通讯作者: 李平 E-mail:liping@hebtu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21203052);河北师范大学教学改革研究项目

Synthesis and Characterization of ZnO Microstructures with Diverse Morphologies: A Simple and Interesting Chemical Comprehensive Experiment

Ping LI1,*(),Zhan-Zhou LUO2   

  1. 1 School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, P. R. China
    2 School of Chemical and Material Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
  • Published:2017-01-13
  • Contact: Ping LI E-mail:liping@hebtu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    国家自然科学基金(21203052);河北师范大学教学改革研究项目

摘要:

设计了一个操作简单的合成ZnO微结构的化学综合实验,通过一种形貌改性剂柠檬酸的辅助,可制备出形貌各异的ZnO微粒。通过实验使学生对无机纳米材料的微观结构和形貌有了科学的认识,对纳米颗粒的合成方法及常见的表征手段有了初步了解。实验方案的设计既简单又具有探究性,有利于培养学生的独立科研能力和创新能力。

关键词: ZnO, 合成, 表征, 形貌, 改性剂

Abstract:

A simple chemical comprehensive experiment was developed to synthesize ZnO microstructures. Diverse morphologies of ZnO can be obtained with the help of citric acid. This experiment provides the students with a scientific understanding about the microstructure and morphology of inorganic nanomaterials. It also helps the students have a preliminary understanding about the synthesis and characterization methods for nanoparticles. The design of the experiment has the characteristics of simpleness and enquiry, which can help cultivate the students' independent scientific research and creative abilities.

Key words: Zinc oxide, Synthesis, Characterization, Morphology, Modifying agent

MSC2000: 

  • G64