大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (1): 2103047.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202103047

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

基础化学实验教学的新理念——再议实验教学之本质

芦昌盛(), 王凤彬, 刘斌, 田笑丛, 马海凤   

  • 收稿日期:2021-03-18 录用日期:2021-04-07 发布日期:2021-04-12
  • 通讯作者: 芦昌盛 E-mail:luchsh@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:芦昌盛, Email: luchsh@nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    南京大学校级教改项目“大学化学实验翻转课堂”

A New Vision for Fundamental Chemistry Laboratory Teaching: Re-Examine the Nature of Laboratory Teaching

Changsheng Lu(), Fengbin Wang, Bin Liu, Xiaocong Tian, Haifeng Ma   

  • Received:2021-03-18 Accepted:2021-04-07 Published:2021-04-12
  • Contact: Changsheng Lu E-mail:luchsh@nju.edu.cn

摘要:

最近20年以来,国内高校的本科基础化学实验教学从理念、内容、标准,到组织机构和评价方法,都经历了一系列变化和改革。立足于新的历史机遇和时代,有必要深刻理解和厘清本科阶段基础化学实验教学的本质和角色,既不轻视和简慢其地位、也不夸大和拔高其效用;须还基础实验教学以其本来面目,着重深挖其在传播“第三类知识”(Know-how)以及培养“元认知”能力当中的不可替代作用,才能在化学实验教学改革大潮中不懈怠、不迷惘。

关键词: 实验教学, 第三类知识, 元认知, 教学理念, 教学改革

Abstract:

In the past two decades, fundamental chemistry laboratory teaching courses in Chinese universities and colleges have experienced series of alterations and reform, not only in philosophies, contents, and teaching standards, but also in organizations and evaluations. Facing the new historical opportunities and times, it's necessary for us to deeply understand and clarify the nature and role of basic chemistry laboratory teaching during the stage of undergraduates. We neither can look down on their course positions in the teaching program, nor can overstate their roles in the training program. The real effects of basic laboratory teaching must be revealed as it should be, which have play an irreplaceable role in transmission of the Third Kind of Knowledge as well as in cultivating the metacognition. Only in this way can we be far away from negligence and confusion during the teaching reformation tides.

Key words: Laboratory teaching, The Third Kind of Knowledge, Metacognition, Teaching idea, Teaching reform

MSC2000: 

  • G642.0