大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (2): 2106042.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202106042

所属专题: 化学实验教学和管理

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本科实验课程中的主观能动性激励方法

王奇峰1,*(), 项金宝2   

  1. 1 吉林大学化学学院, 长春 130012
    2 吉林大学药学院, 长春 130021
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-04 录用日期:2021-08-30 发布日期:2021-09-17
  • 通讯作者: 王奇峰 E-mail:wangqifeng@jlu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王奇峰, Email: wangqifeng@jlu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    吉林大学本科教学改革研究项目(院培育项目)(2021JG02);吉林大学化学自主双一流建设基金

Stimulation of Subjective Initiative in Undergraduate Laboratory Course

Qifeng Wang1,*(), Jinbao Xiang2   

  1. 1 College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
    2 School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
  • Received:2021-08-04 Accepted:2021-08-30 Published:2021-09-17
  • Contact: Qifeng Wang E-mail:wangqifeng@jlu.edu.cn

摘要:

本科生实验课程是对理论知识进行实践的重要环节。为提高本科生在实验过程中对实验理论和技能的理性认识,增强自主学习的意识和兴趣,提出了“理论质疑”和“步骤调整”的方法,以激励学生在实验过程中能更好地发挥创造性思维,提升实验操作能力。该方法经过作者在指导本科生基础有机化学实验的过程中证明,学生在实验过程中的积极性得到明显提升,增强了对所学理论知识的认识和理解,更善于提出新的科学问题,能对实验方法的合理性和继续改进提出新的见解,理解了“尽信书不如无书”的道理。

关键词: 有机化学, 实验, 创造性, 本科教学

Abstract:

Undergraduate laboratory course is important for understanding the theoretical knowledge. In order to improve undergraduates' rational understanding of experimental theory and skills, and enhance their awareness and interests in autonomous learning, this paper puts forward the methods of "theory query" and "step adjustment" to encourage students to give a full play to their creative thinking and improve their lab skill. This method has been practiced in the organic chemistry laboratory under the guidance of the authors. As a result, the enthusiasm of students in the experimental process has been significantly improved; more scientific problems and new ideas have been put forward for the rationality and continuous improvement of the experimental method, and the truth that "it is better to believe than not to have books" has been understood.

Key words: Organic chemistry, Experiment, Creativity, Undergraduate teaching

MSC2000: 

  • G64