大学化学 >> 2018, Vol. 33 >> Issue (3): 27-31.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201709005

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

高考改革背景下CAP课程的建设与实践

张雯1,向丹2,徐四龙1,唐玉海1,*()   

  1. 1 西安交通大学理学院应用化学系, 西安 710049
    2 西安交通大学理学院化学教学实验中心, 西安 710049
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-31 发布日期:2018-03-13
  • 通讯作者: 唐玉海 E-mail:tyh57@mail.xjtu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    西安交通大学基础课程质量建设本科教学改革研究项目(1602Z-01)

Construction and Practice of CAP Curriculum under the Background of College Entrance Examination Reform

Wen ZHANG1,Dan XIANG2,Silong XÜ1,Yuhai TANG1,*()   

  1. 1 Applied Chemistry Department, School of Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, P. R. China
    2 Chemical Teaching Experiment Center, School of Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, P. R. China
  • Received:2017-08-31 Published:2018-03-13
  • Contact: Yuhai TANG E-mail:tyh57@mail.xjtu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    西安交通大学基础课程质量建设本科教学改革研究项目(1602Z-01)

摘要:

介绍了中国大学先修课程(CAP)的概念、缘由和价值。以简明有机化学为例,阐述了一门CAP课程具体的建设过程与运行情况。CAP课程改善了高中和大学部分课程的衔接,CAP制度的建设与有效实施有助于传播先进的教学理念和优质教学资源的共享,同时多角度的学习能力考评便于新高考模式下辅助高校进行人才选拔。CAP课程体系建设是新时期教学改革发展的必然趋势,但目前还存在CAP课程成绩的权威性、成绩和学分互认困难、高中师资不足、学生学业负担增加等问题。教育部门进行顶层设计,由专业领域具有权威的第三方机构来提供课程运行管理、考试评价服务和师资培训服务是可行做法。

关键词: 教学改革, 中国大学先修课程

Abstract:

The concept, cause and value of Chinese Advanced Placement (CAP) are introduced in this paper. Taking concise organic chemistry as an example, the construction process and operation of a CAP course are discussed. CAP courses improve the link between high school and college courses, and the construction and effective implementation of CAP system can help disseminate advanced teaching ideas and sharing of high-quality teaching resources. At the same time, multi-angle learning ability evaluation can facilitate the recruitment of students for universities. The construction of CAP curriculum system is an inevitable trend of the development of teaching reform in the new era. However, there are still some problems such as the authority of CAP courses, the difficulty in the recognition of grades and credits, the lack of qualified high school teachers for CAP and the increase of students' academic burden. It is a feasible way to construct CAP system on top-level design by the national education department, and provide the courses running management, test evaluation service and teacher training service by the professional and authoritative third-party institutions.

Key words: Educational reform, Chinese Advanced Placement

MSC2000: 

  • G64