大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (7): 2008001.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202008001

所属专题: 教学理念和方法改革

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贯穿论文式实验报告的综合能力培养教学实践

田东亮(), 杨青林, 刘克松, 朱英   

  • 收稿日期:2020-08-01 录用日期:2020-09-14 发布日期:2020-10-09
  • 通讯作者: 田东亮 E-mail:tiandl@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:田东亮,Email: tiandl@buaa.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    北京航空航天大学一流本科课程(物理化学实验);北京航空航天大学教改重点项目(“大学化学”课程实验考核方式的改革与实践)

Teaching Practice of Innovation Ability Training throughout the Scientific Paper-Type Experimental Report

Dongliang Tian(), Qinglin Yang, Kesong Liu, Ying Zhu   

  • Received:2020-08-01 Accepted:2020-09-14 Published:2020-10-09
  • Contact: Dongliang Tian E-mail:tiandl@buaa.edu.cn

摘要:

加强实验教学是培养学生科学素养和综合创新能力的重要途径。基于“两性一度”的课程教学要求,针对目前实验教学中撰写实验报告存在的问题,以物理化学实验课程为例,进行了教学改革与实践。采取贯穿科研论文式实验报告撰写各环节的科学素养和能力培养模式,该论文式实验报告有利于学生整体把握,提出问题、分析问题和总结,实验报告的各个部分与实际教学环节相统一,取得了满意的效果。充分发挥了教师主导和学生主体的协同优势,激发了学生学习的积极性和主观能动性,有利于培养德智体美劳全面发展的高素质人才。

关键词: 物理化学实验, 科研论文, 实验报告, 科学素养, 创新能力

Abstract:

Strengthening laboratory teaching is an important way to cultivate students' scientific literacy and comprehensive innovation ability. Taking physical chemistry laboratory as an example, the teaching reform and practice were carried out to solve the problems of writing experimental report. A research paper type experimental report writing format was adopted for undergraduate course teaching, which is helpful for students to understand the whole picture of the experiment, put forward questions, analyze questions and summarize the experiment. The cultivation of students' scientific literacy and comprehensive innovation ability has been achieved throughout each part of the experimental report, which is unified with the actual teaching link. It gives the full play to the synergetic advantages of teacher-led and student-subject, stimulates students' learning enthusiasm and subjective initiative, and is conducive to the cultivation of high-quality talents with comprehensive development of characteristics including morality, intelligence, physique, aesthetics and labor.

Key words: Physical chemistry laboratory, Research paper, Experimental report, Scientific quality, Innovation ability

MSC2000: 

  • G64