大学化学 >> 2016, Vol. 31 >> Issue (2): 34-37.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX20160234

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关于教材中热力学第二定律的若干逻辑问题

刘国杰,史济斌*()   

  • 发布日期:2016-03-15
  • 通讯作者: 史济斌 E-mail:shijb@ecust.edu.cn

About Some Logical Problems for the Second Law of Thermodynamics in Textbooks

Guo-Jie LIU,Ji-Bin SHI*()   

  • Published:2016-03-15
  • Contact: Ji-Bin SHI E-mail:shijb@ecust.edu.cn

摘要:

指出了一些物理化学教材在叙述热力学第二定律时存在的若干逻辑问题,表明它们违反了逻辑学中的同一律、不矛盾律和充足理由律。并从历史的角度简述了Carnot循环和Carnot机效率公式的由来。

关键词: Carnot循环, Carnot机效率, 逻辑规律

Abstract:

There exist logical problems in the explanation of the second law of thermodynamics in some physical chemistry textbooks.It was shown that these explanations contradicted the law of identity, the law of non-contradiction and the law of sufficient reason in logic.The origin of the Carnot cycle and the efficiency of a Carnot engine were introduced from the historical view.

Key words: Carnot cycle, Efficiency of a Carnot engine, Logical laws

MSC2000: 

  • O64