大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (10): 2107117.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202107117

所属专题: 化学科普(2021)

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“现代”古董——浅谈做旧工艺中的化学原理

王梦琛1, 林青青1, 王萌1, 张伟1, 赵军龙2,*()   

  1. 1 西北大学化学与材料科学学院, 化学国家级实验教学示范中心(西北大学), 西安 710127
    2 西北大学医学院, 西安 710069
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-31 录用日期:2021-09-28 发布日期:2021-09-30
  • 通讯作者: 赵军龙 E-mail:zhaojunlong327@163.com
  • 作者简介:赵军龙,Email: zhaojunlong327@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    陕西省提升公众科学素质计划项目(2021PSLK27);国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(S202010697115S);陕西省教育厅2019年度重点科学研究计划(19JS063)

"Modern" Antiques: On the Chemical Principle of Antiques Finish

Mengchen Wang1, Qingqing Lin1, Meng Wang1, Wei Zhang1, Junlong Zhao2,*()   

  1. 1 National Chemistry Experimental Teaching Demonstration Center (Northwestern University), School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Northwestern University, Xi'an 710127, China
    2 School of Medicine, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, China
  • Received:2021-07-31 Accepted:2021-09-28 Published:2021-09-30
  • Contact: Junlong Zhao E-mail:zhaojunlong327@163.com

摘要:

古玩,先人留给我们的宝贵文化遗存物质。本文揭示了古玩变旧的化学原理,并从化学的角度揭示了古玩做旧的“秘密”,就不法商贩利用做旧工艺故意造假的基本化学原理进行解析。但更为重要的是,利用这些化学原理对文物进行保养、修复和复制才是古董做旧的正确使用方式,旨在让读者了解做旧的化学本质,增强读者对文物的重视和关注。

关键词: 做旧工艺, 古董, 科普

Abstract:

Antique is the valuable cultural heritage material that our ancestors gave us. This paper reveals the chemical principle of antique aging and the "secret" of antique aging from the chemical point of view, as well as analyzes the basic chemical principle of illegal peddlers using the aging technology to intentionally fabricate. More importantly, using these chemical principles to maintain, repair and copy cultural relics is the correct way to use antique aging, which aims to let readers understand the chemical nature of aging and enhance readers' attention and concern to cultural relics.

Key words: Antique finish, Antiques, Popularization of science

MSC2000: 

  • G64