大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (4): 2106032.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202106032

所属专题: 教学理念和方法改革(2022)

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

问题式教学法在结构化学教学中的应用:一维势箱中的粒子

张冬菊(), 马玉臣()   

  • 收稿日期:2021-06-15 录用日期:2021-07-20 发布日期:2021-09-16
  • 通讯作者: 张冬菊,马玉臣 E-mail:zhangdj@sdu.edu.cn;myc@sdu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:马玉臣, Email: myc@sdu.edu.cn
    张冬菊, Email: zhangdj@sdu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21773139);国家自然科学基金(21833004)

Application of Problem-Based Learning in Teaching of Structural Chemistry: A Particle in a One-Dimensional Potential Box

Dongju Zhang(), Yuchen Ma()   

  • Received:2021-06-15 Accepted:2021-07-20 Published:2021-09-16
  • Contact: Dongju Zhang,Yuchen Ma E-mail:zhangdj@sdu.edu.cn;myc@sdu.edu.cn

摘要:

一维势箱中的粒子是结构化学课程中的重要内容,包含的知识点多、涉及面广、综合性强,采用“问题式教学法”围绕薛定谔方程的求解和结果讨论进行问题设计,以提出问题为切入点,引导学生通过分析问题和解决问题实现众多知识点的有机关联,加深对量子力学基本原理的认识和理解,取得了较好的教学效果。

关键词: 结构化学, 问题式教学法, 一维势箱

Abstract:

In the course of structural chemistry, "a particle in a one-dimensional box" is an important content, because it contains many concepts, involves a wide range of knowledge, and is highly comprehensive. Based on the "problem-based learning", a series of problems were designed on solving the Schrödinger equation and the result discussion. Starting from asking the questions, students are guided to organically connect the knowledge points by analyzing and solving problems, and to get an in-depth understanding of the basic principles of quantum mechanics. A good teaching effect has been achieved.

Key words: Structural chemistry, Problem-based learning, One-dimensional

MSC2000: 

  • G64