University Chemistry ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 74-78.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201603028

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Obtaining the End Point Error Formula with Ringbom Equations of Volumetric Titration Analyses

Cheng-Li QIAO*()   

  • Published:2017-02-11
  • Contact: Cheng-Li QIAO


This article focuses on deriving the end point error formula from the Ringbom equations for volumetric titration analyses. The author tries to unify the four titration analyses using the side reaction effect.

Key words: Volumetric titration, Ringbom equation, End point error