大学化学 >> 2018, Vol. 33 >> Issue (4): 21-26.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201711003

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

以葡萄糖结构教学为例,培养本科生科学思维能力

王朝霞,伍新燕,窦清玉,罗千福*()   

  • 收稿日期:2017-11-02 发布日期:2018-04-08
  • 通讯作者: 罗千福 E-mail:luoqf@ecust.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    华东理工大学工科化学系列课程创新教育团队经费(ZJ1726103);2016年中央教改创新创业专项-创新示范课程建设基金(ZJ1632402);2016年中央教改专项基金(ZJ1626010)

Taking the Structure Teaching of Glucose as an Example, Cultivating Undergraduates' Scientific Thinking Ability

Zhaoxia WANG,Xinyan WU,Qingyu DOU,Qianfu LUO*()   

  • Received:2017-11-02 Published:2018-04-08
  • Contact: Qianfu LUO E-mail:luoqf@ecust.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    华东理工大学工科化学系列课程创新教育团队经费(ZJ1726103);2016年中央教改创新创业专项-创新示范课程建设基金(ZJ1632402);2016年中央教改专项基金(ZJ1626010)

摘要:

葡萄糖的结构中含有羟基和醛基,两者的连接次序、位置、方式和空间关系等对其结构、物理与化学性质都产生重要的影响。本文以此教学单元为例,在回顾醛、醇知识的基础上,引导学生深入分析葡萄糖结构中这些官能团间的相互作用与影响。在帮助他们实现知识融会贯通的同时,逐步培养本科生的科学思维能力。

关键词: 葡萄糖, 科学思维, 结构, 醛和醇

Abstract:

Glucose has hydroxyl and aldehyde groups in its structure. The different connection orders, locations, manners, and spatial relations of the two groups have significant impacts on its structure, physical and chemical properties. In this paper, on the basis of reviewing the related knowledge of aldehyde and alcohol, we take the teaching unit of glucose as an example to instruct students analyzing in depth the interaction and influence of these functional groups in the glucose structure. While helping them to achieve knowledgeable mastery, we tried to cultivate gradually undergraduates' ability of scientific thinking.

Key words: Glucose, Scientific thinking, Structure, Aldehyde and alcohol

MSC2000: 

  • G64