University Chemistry ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 1-10.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201712040

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Electrochemical Sensors for Nitrite Based on Different Working Electrodes

Chuang MA1,Juanjuan GAO1,Shupeng ZHANG1,*(),Shuang WANG1,Kangjun XIE1,Haiou SONG2,*()   

  1. 1 School of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, P. R. China
    2 School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China
  • Received:2017-12-27 Published:2018-06-01
  • Contact: Shupeng ZHANG,Haiou SONG;
  • Supported by:


Nitrite is an indispensable part of the environment and the biological cycle, but excessive concentrations of nitrite not only pollute the environment, but also cause cancer. Therefore, it is of scientific and practical significance to realize efficient and rapid determination of nitrite. The analysis and determination of contaminants based on electrochemical sensing technology have become a research hotspot. In particular, the selection and design of working electrodes are very important for the researchers to improve the response speed, sensitivity, detection limit, reduce the cost and simplify the operation attention. For the detection of nitrite, this paper reviews the research progress of electrochemical sensors based on different electrodes including the glassy carbon electrode, carbon paste electrode, metal film, polymer film and carbon cloth electrode. Through the construction method and the comparison of electrocatalytic performance, the authors hope to provide a theoretical and practical guidance for the construction of new sensors.

Key words: Nitrite, Electrochemical sensor, Working electrode, Review