University Chemistry ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 2005050.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202005050

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Hybridization and Bonding of Carbon Atoms in Common Organic Compounds

Qian Chen(), Guolei Zhu, Lihua Deng   

  • Received:2020-05-21 Accepted:2020-07-30 Published:2020-08-20
  • Contact: Qian Chen


There are many types of organic compounds, which have caused some problems in the teaching of organic chemistry. Understanding the structures of organic compounds, and thereby obtaining clarity on the properties of organic compounds, would improve the efficiency of teaching and learning. In order to understand the structures of organic compounds, it is necessary to be familiar with carbon atom hybridization and bonding in various organic compounds. In this paper, the aforementioned hybridization is briefly summarized in the order of sp, sp2, and sp3 hybridization.

Key words: Organic chemistry, Structure, Carbon atom hybridization, Bond-formation